South Dakota Timeline History

A South Dakota farm during the Dust Bowl, 1936

arrow South Dakota Timeline History

arrow 1743: French explorers, the LaVerendrye brothers, claimed area for France

arrow 1750: Sioux tribes moved to Dakota

arrow 1794: Jean Baptiste Trudeau established trading company

arrow 1803: U. S. acquired South Dakota from France in Louisiana Purchase

arrow 1804: Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived in South Dakota

arrow 1817: Joseph LaFramboise started trading post at Fort Pierre, the oldest continuous white settlement in South Dakota

arrow 1823: Arikara Indians attached fur trading party, 12 traders killed and 11 wounded

arrow 1861: Dakota Territory was established; William Jayne appointed governor

arrow 1863: First homestead filed in Dakota Territory

arrow 1868: Treaty signed with the Sioux, continued the Great Sioux Reservation which included the Black Hills

arrow 1874: Gold was discovered in Black Hills; gold rush began

arrow 1876: Homestake Gold Mine opened; Sioux war occurred and Gen. Custer and 7th Cavalry defeated

arrow 1889: South Dakota admitted into the Union as 40th state

arrow 1888: Major blizzard strikes, 35 people die

arrow 1890: Wounded Knee Massacre occurred - 7th Cavalry killed more than 250 Lakota men, women and children; Sitting Bull killed at Little Eagle; Indian wars ended

arrow 1927: Gutzon Borglam began work on Mount Rushmore National Monument

arrow 1930's: Severe drought and dust caused agricultural problems

arrow 1939: Badlands designated National Monument by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

arrow 1941: Mount Rushmore National Monument completed

arrow 1944: Congress passed Pick-Sloan Plan for construction of four dams: Fort Randall, Oahe, Gavin's Point and Big Bend

arrow 1948: Korcak Ziolkowski began work on Crazy Horse Mountain

arrow 1949: Blizzard struck South Dakota; railroad from Pierre to Rapid City blocked for serveral weeks; air drops of hay required

arrow 1952: Major flood caused damage all through the state, inundated most of Pierre

arrow 1960: Ben Reifel elected as first American Indian to serve in Congress

arrow 1962: Oahe Dam completed, started generating electricity

arrow 1963: Cold War escalated and ICBM missiles were placed around state

arrow 1972: Flooding in Rapid City area killed over 200

arrow 1973: Riots by supporters of American Indian Movement occurred at Wounded Knee II and Custer Court House.

arrow 1980: Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad shut several thousand miles of track which affected more than half of state's total railroad mileage; U. S. Congress approved payment to Sioux Indians of $122 million for compensation of lands seized in 1877

arrow 1987: Lottery began; fire destroyed block in historic downtown area of Deadwood

arrow 1988: Severe drought conditions caused crop failures and lack of feed for cattle; lightning caused large forest fire in Black Hills destroying 16,000 acres

arrow 1990's: ICBM missiles removed

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