Alabama Timeline History

Alabama AL:

arrow 1519: Spanish explorer, Alonzo Alvarez de Piñeda, explored Gulf of Mexico, including Mobile Bay

arrow 1539 - 1541: Hernando de Soto explored Southeast; met Chief Tuskaloosa in Battle of Maubila

arrow 1559 - 1561: Don Tristán de Luna attempted to establish Spanish colony; failed

arrow 1600: Developments created by Indian tribes

arrow 1702: Le Moyne brothers established Fort Louis de la Mobile and settlement on Mobile River

arrow 1712: La Moyne brothers moved fort and settlement to present day Mobile

arrow 1717: Fort Toulouse established on Coosa River to trade with Indians

arrow 1721: Ship Africane sailed into Mobile harbor with over 100 slaves

arrow 1724: Slavery institutionalized in Mobile area by the French Code Noir Black Code:

arrow 1756 - 1763: Seven Years War French and Indian War:, won by Great Britain; France ceded territories east of Mississippi River

arrow 1780: Spanish captured Mobile during American Revolution

arrow 1798: Mississippi Territory organized from western Georgia, included Alabama

arrow 1799: U. S. took possession of Fort St. Stephens from Spanish; Andrew Ellicott surveyed boundary between U. S. and Spanish West Florida, placed stone north of Mobile to mark 31st latitude

arrow 1802: Georgia formally ceded western claims at 31st parallel

arrow 1805 - 1806: White settlements of Indian lands began

arrow 1813: U. S. captured Mobile from Spanish

arrow 1813 - 1814: Creek Indian Wars

arrow 1814: Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated Creeks; lands ceded to federal government; British failed in attack on Fort Bowyer on Mobile Point

arrow 1815: British forces captured Fort Bowyer; abandoned when heard war was over

arrow 1817: Alabama Territory created

arrow 1818: First legislature of Alabama Territory met at St. Stephens; Cahaba designated as state capital

arrow 1819: State constitution adopted; first general election held; Alabama became 22nd U. S. state

arrow 1820 - 1840: Over 150,000 slaves brought into Alabama

arrow 1826: Capital relocated to Tuscaloosa

arrow 1830 - 1835: Indian Removal Bill treaties signed; Indians ceded lands in Alabama for western lands

arrow 1820: Steamboat Harriett reached Montgomery; river trade opened between Montgomery and Mobile

arrow 1832: First railroad, Tuscumbia, opened

arrow 1833: Meteor shower caused night to be known as "the night stars fell on Alabama"

arrow 1835 - 1836: Alabama gold rush in east-central hill country

arrow 1836 - 1837: Second Creek War; Battle of Hodby's Bridge was last Indian battle in Alabama

arrow 1846: Montgomery selected as state capital

arrow 1849: Capitol in Montgomery destroyed by fire

arrow 1852: Senator William Rufus King elected U.S. vice president; died before taking office

arrow 1861: Civil War began; Alabama became fourth state to secede from Union

arrow 1861 - 1865: 194: land battles, 8: naval battles occurred within Alabama boundaries during America's Civil War

arrow 1868: Alabama readmitted to Union

arrow 1895: State flag adopted

arrow 1909: Wright brothers established flying school outside Montgomery; boll weevil entered state, destroyed cotton crops

arrow 1926: University of Alabama won Rose Bowl

arrow 1931: Conviction and death sentence by all-white jury of black youths, "Scottsboro Boys" caused international outrage

arrow 1936: Jesse Owen won Olympic gold medals in Berlin, Germany

arrow 1937: State sales tax instituted to fund education

arrow 1944: First oil well in Alabama

arrow 1948: Dixiecrat Convention met in Birmingham, elected Strom Thurmond as Presidential candidate; Henry Truman's name not on ballot

arrow 1954: State Attorney General nominee, Albert Patterson, murdered in Phenix City, "wickedest city in America"

arrow 1955: Black seamstress, Rosa Parks, arrested for refusing to give seat on bus to white passenger; Montgomery Bus Boycott began; Parks named "mother of modern day civil rights movement"

arrow 1956: Army Ballistic Missile Agency established at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville; segregated seating on Montgomery's public transportation vehicles banned by Supreme Court; Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks among first people to ride integrated bus; Montgomery Bus Boycott ended

arrow 1961: Freedom Ride, integrated bus trip from Washington, D. C.arrived at bus terminal in Montgomery, attacked by angry mob

arrow 1963: Civil Rights targets bombed in Birmingham; four children killed in bombing of 16th Street Baptist Church; first African-American students register at University of Alabama

arrow 1965: 600 demonstrators made first of three attempts to march from Selma to Montgomery protesting voting restrictions on black Americans, attacks by law enforcement officers forced them to turn back, broadcast across U.S. caused surge of support for protestors; Martin Luther King led 3,200 marchers from Selma toward Montgomery; Voting Rights Act became law, ending voting restrictions

arrow 1967: Lurleen Wallace elected first woman governor in state

arrow 1972: Gov. George Wallace shot in Maryland during presidential campaign, paralyzed from waist down

arrow 1981: Academy of Country Music selected music group, Alabama, "Vocal Group of the Year"

arrow 1993: Governor Guy Hunt, removed from office, convicted of misuse of public funds

arrow 1995: Heather Whitestone became first Miss America with a disability

arrow 1998: Dr. David Satcher of Anniston appointed U. S. Surgeon General

arrow 2001: Condoleezza Rice, Birmingham native, appointed National Security Advisor to President Bush

arrow 2002: Vonetta Flowers became first African American to win gold medal in Winter Olympics; Bobby Frank Cherry convicted of murder for his part in 1963 bombing of 16th Street Baptist Church

arrow 2004: Condoleezza Rice appointed U.S. Secretary of State by President George W. Bush

arrow 2005: Hurricane Katrina caused major damages along coastal areas

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