Arizona Timeline History

arrow Arizona Timeline History

arrow 700 A.D. - 1200 A.D.: Pueblo people lived on the land and the Hopi village was founded

arrow 1539: Father Marcos de Niza, looking for cities of gold, explored Arizona and claimed it for Spain

arrow 1540: Francisco Coronado explored the area

arrow 1692: Jesuit priests arrived in the Arizona area

arrow 1700: San Xavier del Bac mission White Dove of the Desert: was founded

arrow 1752: Tubac became first permanent settlement

arrow 1821: All of Arizona governed by Mexico

arrow 1846: The Mexican-American War began

arrow 1848: The Mexican-American War ended; most of the land became part of the United States of America

arrow 1854: Copper discovered in Arizona

arrow 1858: Gold found in the Gila River

arrow 1862: Confederate troops occupied Tucson; Cochise and Apaches attacked soldiers at Apache Pass

arrow 1863: Arizona Territory created by Congress, with Prescott as the capital

arrow 1869: John Wesley Powell explored the Grand Canyon by boat along the Colorado River

arrow 1881: The first railroad crossed the state

arrow 1881: The infamous "Gunfight at the OK Corral"

arrow 1886: The Apache Chief Geronimo finally surrendered, and Indian fighting ended

arrow 1889: Phoenix became the capital city

arrow 1911: The Roosevelt Dam project completed

arrow 1912: Arizona became the 48th State on February 14th, Valentine's Day

arrow 1919: Grand Canyon National Park established

arrow 1930: The planet Pluto discovered by astronomers at the Lowell Observatory

arrow 1936: Hoover Dam completed and dedicated

arrow 1948: Arizona native American Indians won the right to vote

arrow 1964: Barry Goldwater, Arizona Senator, ran for U.S. President

arrow 1968: London Bridge moved from England, to Lake Havasu City, Arizona

arrow 1981: Sandra Day O'Connor became the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court

arrow 1991: The Central Arizona water: Project completed

arrow 2001: Arizona Diamondbacks won the World Series, beating the New York Yankees in 7 games

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