Minnesota Timeline History

A painting of Father Hennepin 'discovering' Saint Anthony Falls.

arrow Minnesota Timeline History

arrow 1659 - 1660: French fur traders, Groseilliers and Radisson, explored western end of Lake Superior, surrounding area

arrow 1673: French explorers, Marquette and Joliet, discovered upper portion of Mississippi River

arrow 1679: Frenchman, Daniel Greysolon Sieur du Lhut, met with Dakota Indians near Mille Lacs Lake

arrow 1683: Catholic Missionary Father Louis Hennepin, after being held captive by Dakota Indians, returned to France; wrote Description de la Louisiane, first book about Minnesota

arrow 1763: Spain received Louisiana Territory from France, included Minnesota west of the Mississippi River

arrow 1783: Republic of the United States of America gained eastern portion of Minnesota from Great Britain in American Revolution

arrow 1787: Eastern Minnesota designated part of American Northwest Territories of United States; first mapping of Minnesota completed by David Thompson of North West Company

arrow 1803: U. S. purchased Louisiana Territory from France, included western portion of Minnesota

arrow 1805: Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike led first U. S. expedition through Minnesota

arrow 1815: Peace treaty negotiated between Dakota Indians and U. S. government; first American fur traders entered Minnesota

arrow 1818: Northern boundary of Minnesota established at forty-ninth parallel

arrow 1832: Henry Schoolcraft and Ojibwe guide, Ozawindib, found source of Mississippi River at Lake Itasca

arrow 1836: Wisconsin Territory established, included Minnesota

arrow 1849: Minnesota Territory formed with present day eastern and southern boundaries set

arrow 1850: Treaties executed with Dakota Indians for lands east of Red River, Lake Traverse, and the Big Dakota River and south between Dakota and Chippewa; wheat became major crop

arrow 1858: Minnesota became 32nd state

arrow 1862: Dakota Indians attacked settlers for failure of land treaties and fiscal mistreatment by traders, 486 settlers killed; 38 Indians hung at Mankato; first railroad between Minneapolis and Saint Paul completed

arrow 1873: Three-day blizzard struck, 70 killed

arrow 1878: Explosion at flour mill killed 18

arrow 1880: Telephone communication established between Saint Paul and Minneapolis

arrow 1881: Saint Paul destroyed by fire

arrow 1883: Mayo Clinic founded in Rochester; tornado swept through Rochester, 35 killed

arrow 1884: Exportation of iron ore began

arrow 1886: Sauk Rapids flattened by a tornado, 79 killed

arrow 1887: First ski tournament Midwest held in Saint Paul

arrow 1888: Western Minnesota struck by major blizzard, 109 died

arrow 1893: Virginia, Minnesota destroyed by fire

arrow 1894: Massive forest fire encompassed Hinckley and several other communities, over 400 perished

arrow 1900: Virginia again destroyed by fire

arrow 1908: Chisholm destroyed by forest fire

arrow 1918: Influenza killed 7,521; Cloquet and Moose Lake are destroyed forest fires

arrow 1919: 19th amendment ratified; tornado struck Fergus Falls killing 59

arrow 1927: Minnesota native, Charles Lindbergh, flew solo across Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris

arrow 1931: Ancient remains of 20,000 year old skeleton nicknamed "Minnesota Man" found in Otter Tail County

arrow 1933: "Browns Valley Man" remains, estimated to be 8,000 - 10,000 years old, discovered in Brown County

arrow 1934: Businessman Edward G. Bremer of St. Paul kidnapped by the Barker-Karpis gang, ransom of $200,000 one of the largest ransoms in U.S; John Dillinger escaped following gun battle with FBI agents in St. Paul

arrow 1936: Temperatures remained below zero for a record thirty-six days

arrow 1939: Roof of Duluth Amphitheater collapsed under weight of snow during hockey game

arrow 1940: Blizzard struck Minnesota, over 16 inches of snow fell in 24 hours, 49 residents died, over $1,500,000 property was damaged

arrow 1954: Coya Knutson became first Minnesota woman elected to U. S. Congress

arrow 1959: - Duluth gained access to Atlantic Ocean with opening of St. Lawrence Seaway

arrow 1963: Last ore shipment left Vermillion iron range

arrow 1964: Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey elected vice-president of U S.

arrow 1969: Saint Paul native, Warren Burger, named to U.S. Supreme Court

arrow 1976: Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale elected as U.S. vice-president

arrow 1980: Last ore shipment left Cuyuna iron range

arrow 1982: 34 inches of snow fell on Twin Cities in two days

arrow 1984: Last ore shipment left the Mesabi iron range ending Minnesota's iron ore industry

arrow 1987: Minnesota Twins won World Series

arrow 1988: Indian Gaming Regulatory Act caused boom in Indian casinos and gambling; major drought occurred

arrow 1991: Minnesota Twins won World Series; snowstorm hit depositing 24 inches of snow in 24 hours

arrow 1991: Mall of America opened, largest mall in U. S.

arrow 1996: Coldest official temperature recorded -60 degrees Fahrenheit: near Tower

arrow 1998: Minnesota became home to largest Hmong population in U. S.; tobacco industry agreed to $4 billion settlement for cost of medical treatment; Jesse Ventura elected first "third party" governor since 1936

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