New York History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Empire State

Great Seal of the State of New York

Adoptedin 1882.

The Great Seal of New York was adopted in 1882. The following description of the Coat of Arms is provided for those who may be unfamiliar with heraldic terms:
Shield. A blue, unclouded sky with the golden sun and its rays centered behind a range of three mountains, the middle one the highest; below, a ship and sloop under sail, facing each other and about to meet on a river, bordered by a grassy shore fringed with shrubs, all in natural colors.


Giovanni da Verrazano, an Italian-born navigator sailing for France, discovered New York Bay in 1524. Henry Hudson, an Englishman employed by the Dutch, reached the bay and sailed up the river now bearing his name in 1609, the same year that northern New York was explored and claimed for France by Samuel de Champlain.

In 1624 the first permanent Dutch settlement was established at Fort Orange (now Albany). One year later Peter Minuit purchased Manhattan Island from the Indians for trinkets worth about 60 Dutch guilders and founded the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam (now New York City), which was surrendered to the English in 1664.

Capital City: Albany

Capitol Tour

New York: State of New York Official Web Site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports Map • Airport Links

Amtrak: Northeast

Area: 54475 sq.mi, 27th   Land 47224 sq. mi., 30th   Water 7251 sq.mi., 8th   Coastline 127 mi., 14th   Shoreline 1,850 mi., 13th   Great Lakes 3,901 sq.mi., 3rd

Area Codes: New York

Biographies: Famous People from New York

Bird: Eastern Bluebird

Border States: Regional List • Connecticut •  Massachusetts •  New Jersey •  Pennsylvania  •  Rhode Island (water border)  • Vermont

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Cities & Towns: New York

Climate: New York

Community Pages: New York Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 11th State

County Profile: County Map   62 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: New York News Headlines

Department of: Education •  Certification | City University of New York System | Columbia University City of New York, founded in 1754. |
Cornell University A private endowed university and a federal land-grant institution, founded In 1865, Ithaca. The Arecibo Observatory Puerto Rico is operated by Cornell. | State University of New York System - SUNY State University of New York, the largest comprehensive university system in the United States

Driving: DMV

Economy: Agriculture: Dairy products, cattle and other livestock, vegetables, nursery stock, apples. • Industry: Printing and publishing, scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery, chemical products, tourism.

Flag: New York (NY)

Flower: Rose   Rosa

Cyndi's List •  Historical Societies

Geographic Center: Madison, 26 miles southwest of Utica

Geology Maps: New York

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Mt. Marcy; 5,344 feet, 21st

Highways: New York Highways

History: History Timeline

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of New York Kids Site

Library: New York 

License Plates: New York

Lighthouses: New York

Lottery: New York

Lowest Point: Atlantic coast; sea level, 3rd


Media: Radio   TV

Motto: Excelsior

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name: New York named after England's Duke of York. 

Population: Quick facts   18,976,457; 3rd, 12/00

Presidential Birthplace: Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841 {8th}  Millard Fillmore, 1850-1853 {13th}  Theodore Roosevelt,  1901-1909 {26th}  Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933-1945 {32th}

Real Estate: Every New York City, Town & Community

Representatives: New York House: Members •  New York Senate: Members •  US House:   110th Congress •  US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: New York

School Directory: New York

Soil: New York - Honeoye

Song: New York  • 

Sports: New York Teams

State Parks: New York State Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation  168 state parks, 35 state historic sites, 76 developed beaches, 53 water recreational facilities, 27 golf courses.

Symbols: NY Symbols


Travel: New York Travel

Tree: Sugar maple   Acer saccharum

Veteran Affairs: New York VA

Visitor Guides: New York New York State Tourism.

Weather: Albany, Albany County Airport

White Pages:  - Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages:: Yellow

Zoo: Central Park Zoo