Arizona History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Grand Canyon State

Great Seal of the State of Arizona

The official state seal was approved by Article 22, Section 20 of the Arizona Constitution and adopted in 1911.

 A shield with the motto Ditat Deus, which means God Enriches, lies in the center of the seal and contains symbols of Arizona's key enterprises. 

** - The Great Seal is provided here for educational purposes only. State law restricts reproduction of the Great Seal for other purposes.

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Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan friar, was the first European to explore Arizona. He entered the area in 1539 in search of the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. Although he was followed a year later by another gold seeker, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, most of the early settlement was for missionary purposes. In 1775 the Spanish established Fort Tucson. In 1848, after the Mexican War, most of the Arizona territory became part of the U.S., and the southern portion of the territory was added by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.

Arizona history is rich in legends of America's Old West. It was here that the great Indian chiefs Geronimo and Cochise led their people against the frontiersmen. Tombstone, Ariz., was the site of the West's most famous shoot-out—the gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Today, Arizona has one of the largest U.S. Indian populations; more than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations.
Capitol Building, Phoenix Arizona

Capital City: Phoenix

Capitol Tour

Arizona: State of Arizona Official Web site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports MapAirport Links

Amtrak: West

Area: 114006 sq.mi, 6th   Land 113642 sq. mi., 6th   Water 364 sq.mi., 48th

Area Codes: Arizona

Biographies: Famous People from Arizona

Bird: Cactus Wren

Border States: Regional List • California • ColoradoNevada New MexicoUtah

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Climate: Arizona

Community Pages: Arizona Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 48th State

County Profile: County Map   15 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: Arizona News Headlines

Department of: Education: Arizona State Library

American Indian College
Located in the northwest section of Phoenix in the Valley of the Sun.
Arizona State University
University of Arizona
University of Phoenix

Driving: MVD

Economy: Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, lettuce, nursery stock, hay. Industry: Copper and other mining, electric equipment, transportation equipment, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, electronics, tourism.

Flag: Arizona (AR)

Flower: Saguaro cactus blossom   Carnegiea gigantea

Cyndi's ListHistorical Societies

Geographic Center: Yavapai, 55 miles east south east of Prescott

Geology Maps: Arizona

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Humphreys Peak; 12,633 feet, 12th

Highways: Arizona HighwaysHistoric Route 66

History: History Timeline   Historical   |  Civil War  | The Road To Statehood Arizona history since 1789.

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Arizona Kids Site

Library: Arizona 

License Plates: Arizona

Lottery: Arizona

Lowest Point: Colorado River; 70 feet, 27th


Media: RadioTV

Motto: Ditat Deus God Enriches

Museums The Virtual Library

Name: Arizona is a Spanish interpretation of "arizuma," an Aztec Indian word meaning "silver-bearing." Also based on Pima Indianword "arizonac" for "little spring place."

National Forest: Arizona

Native Americans: Tribes and Villages of Arizona

Arizona Photos
Grand Canyon Horshoe Bend Grand Canyon  
Click photo for larger image Click photo for larger image Click photo for larger image

Population: Quick facts   5,130,632; 20th, 12/00

Representatives: Arizona House: Members  • Arizona Senate: Members  •  US House:   110th Congress  • US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: Arizona

School Directory: Arizona

Soil: Arizona Casa - Grande

Song: Arizona  • 

Sports: Arizona Teams

State Parks: Arizona

State Symbols: The Arizona State Symbols

Tax Forms: State


Travel: Arizona Travel

Tree: Yellow Palo verde   Parkinsonia (Cercidium) microphyllum

Veteran Affairs: Arizona VA

Visitor Guides: Arizona Guide | The Official Site of the Arizona Office of Tourism.

Weather: Phoenix, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

White Pages: Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages: Yellow

Zoo:  Phoenix Zoo