Arkansas History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Natural State

Great Seal of the State of Arkansas

Adopted in 1864, 1907.

The Arkansas Seal was adopted in its present form in 1907.

The eagle in the lower half of the circle of the seal holds a scroll inscribed with the Latin phrase "Regnat Populus" (the state motto, which means "The People Rule") in his beak, a bundle of arrows in one claw, and an olive branch in the other. The breast of the eagle is covered with a shield, on which is engraved a steamboat, a beehive, a plow, and a sheaf of wheat, symbols of Arkansas' industrial and agricultural wealth. Above the eagle is placed the figure of the Goddess of Liberty, holding a wreath in one hand and a liberty pole with cap in the other. The goddess, wreath, and pole are surrounded by a circle of stars and rays. The figure to the left of the eagle is that of the Angles of Mercy, supporting the shield against the breast of the eagle with her left hand. The Sword of Justice is to the right of the shield. The seal was adopted in its basic form in 1864, and in its present form in 1907.

** - The Great Seal is provided here for educational purposes only. State law restricts reproduction of the Great Seal for other purposes.

Spaniard Hernando de Soto was among the early European explorers to visit the territory in the mid-16th century, but it was a Frenchman, Henri de Tonti, who in 1686 founded the first permanent white settlement—the Arkansas Post. In 1803 the area was acquired by the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

Part of the Territory of Missouri from 1812, the area became a separate entity in 1819 after the first large wave of settlers arrived. The next several decades were marked by the development of the cotton industry and the spread of the Southern plantation system west into Arkansas. Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861, but from 1863 the northern part of the state was occupied by Union troops.


Capitol Building, Little Rock Arkansas

Capital City: Little Rock

Capitol Tour

Arkansas: State of Arkansas Official Website

Arkansas - The Official Travel Site. Travel Deals from 100+ Sites.

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports MapAirport Links

Amtrak: South

Area: 53182 sq.mi, 29th   Land 52075 sq. mi., 27th   Water 1107 sq.mi., 31st

Area Codes: Arkansas

Biographies: Famous People from Arkansas

Bird: Mocking Bird.

Border States: Regional List •  Louisiana Mississippi •  Missouri Oklahoma Tennessee  • Texas

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Climate: Arkansas

Community Pages: Arkansas Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 25th State

County Profile: County Map   75 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: Arkansas News Headlines

Department of: EducationLicensure | University of Arkansas System
Gateway for the University of Arkansas System.

Driving: DFA

Economy: Agriculture: Poultry and eggs, soybeans, sorghum, cattle, cotton, rice, hogs, milk. Industry: Food processing, electric equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery, paper products, bromine, vanadium.

Flower: Apple blossom   Pyrus coronaria

Cyndi's ListHistorical Societies

Geographic Center: Pulaski, 12 miles northwest of Little Rock

Geology Maps: Arkansas

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Magazine Mountain; 2,753 feet, 34th

Highways: Arkansas Highways

History: History Timeline   Historical     Civil War

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Arkansas Kids Site

Library: Arkansas 

License Plates: Arkansas

Lottery: None

Lowest Point: OuachitaRiver; 55 feet, 26th

Maps: Media: RadioTV

Motto: Regnat populus The people rule:

Museums The Virtual Library

Name: Arkansas name is French interpretation of a Sioux word "acansa," meaning "downstream place."

National Forest: Arkansas

Arkansas Photos
Arkansas Morning on the White River Randolf County Courthouse Arkansas Wolf House Norfolk Arkansas
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Population: Quick facts   2,673,400; 33rd - 12/00

Presidential Birthplace: WilliamJefferson Clinton, 1993 - 2001 {42nd}

Real Estate: Every Arkansas City, Town & Community

Representatives: Arkansas House: Members  • Arkansas Senate: Members 
US House:   110th Congress•  US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: Arkansas

School Directory: Arkansas

Soil: Arkansas - Stuttgart

Song: Arkansas  • 

Sports: Arkansas Teams

State Parks: Arkansas

Travel: Arkansas Travel

Tree: Loblolly Pine   Pinus taeda  Shortleaf Pine   Pinus echinata

Veteran Affairs: Arkansas VA

Visitor Guides: Arkansas - Vacation in The Natural State - a travel and tourism guide of the Department of Parks and Tourism.

Weather: Little Rock, Adams Field

White Pages: Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages: Yellow

Zoo: Littlerock Zoo