Massachusetts History, Geography, Population, State Facts


The Old Bay State

Great Seal of the State of Massachusetts

Adopted on December 13, 1780
Official: June 4, 1885


The Great Seal of Massachusetts was adopted on December 13, 1780 and officially on June 4, 1885.

Seals, such as those that appear on documents certified by the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have a long history and were mentioned even in the Bible. They were widely used many centuries ago because most persons, even of high rank and wealth, did not read or write. Acceptance of a document was signified by making an impression of one's coat of arms into a blob of soft wax, usually with an engraved signet ring. There was a general reluctance to affix seals to documents unless absolute certainty of the contents could be confirmed. This eventually led to the idea that documents of state and other important personal papers, such as deeds, should contain a seal that bore witness to their authenticity.

During the 19th century, Massachusetts was famous for the intellectual activity of its writers and educators and for its expanding commercial fishing, shipping, and manufacturing interests.

Capital City: Boston

Capitol Tour

Massachusetts: State of Massachusetts Official Web Site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports MapAirport Links

Amtrak: Northeast

Area: 10555 sq.mi, 44th   Land 7838 sq. mi., 45th   Water 2717 sq.mi., 17th   Coastline 192 mi., 10th   Shoreline 1,519 mi., 15th

Area Codes: Massachusetts

Biographies: Famous People from Massachusetts

Bird: Black-capped Chickadee

Border States: Regional List • Connecticut •  New Hampshire •  New York •  Rhode Island •  Vermont

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Climate: Massachusetts

Community Pages: Massachusetts Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 6th State

County Profile: County Map   14 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: Massachusetts News Headlines

Department of: Education •  Certification | Boston Latin Academy | Boston College Founded in 1863. | Boston University | Harvard University The Harvard University web sites.| Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts. | Tufts University Medford/Somerville, founded in 1852.

Driving: RMV

Economy: Agriculture: Seafood, nursery stock, dairy products, cranberries, vegetables.  Industry: Machinery, electric equipment, scientific instruments, printing and publishing, tourism.

Flag: Massachusetts (MA)

Flower: Mayflower   Epigaea regens

Cyndi's List   Historical Societies

Geographic Center: Rutland, 12 mi. north west of Worcester

Geology Maps: Massachusetts

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Mt. Greylock; 3,491 feet, 31st

Highways: Massachusetts Highways

History: History Timeline   Historical  •  Civil War

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Massachusetts Kids Site

Library: Massachusetts 

License Plates: Massachusetts

Lighthouses:  Brant PointCape Ann (Thatcher Island)ChathamHyannis Harbor Monomoy IslandNauset BeachNew Bedford LightshipPlum IslandSankaty Head Stage Harbor

Lottery: Massachusetts

Lowest Point: Atlantic coast; sea level, 3rd


Media: Radio   TV

Motto: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name: Massachusetts named after local Indian tribe whose name means "a large hill place"

National Forest: None

New England: States

Population: Quick facts   6,349,097; 13th, 12/00

Presidential Birthplace: John Adams, 1797-1801 {2nd}  • John Quincy Adams, 1825-1829 {6th}  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 1961-1963 {35th}George Herbert Walker Bush, 1989-1993 {41st}

Real Estate: Every Massachusetts City, Town & Community

Representatives: Massachusetts House: Members Massachusetts Senate: Members • US House:   110th Congress •  US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: Massachusetts

School Directory: Massachusetts

Soil: Massachusetts - Paxton

Song: Massachusetts  • 

Sports: Massachusetts Teams

State Parks: Massachusetts

Symbols: MA Symbols


Travel: Massachusetts Travel

Tree: American Elm   Ulmus americana  

Veteran Affairs: Massachusetts VA

Visitor Guides: Massachusetts Massachusetts' official travel and tourism website.

Weather: Boston, Logan International Airport

White Pages:  - Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages:: Yellow

Zoo: Massachusetts