Kansas History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Sunflower State

Great Seal of the State of Kansas

Adopted in 1861.

The Great seal of the state of Kansas was adopted on January 29, 1861.

The great seal of the state of Kansas, procured by the secretary of state, as required by the joint resolution approved May twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-one (which resolution was published as chapter seventy-eight [*], Laws of eighteen hundred sixty-one), shall be and remain the great seal of this state. Such seal is described in said joint resolution as follows: The east is represented by a rising sun, in the right-hand corner of the seal; to the left of it, commerce is represented by a river and a steamboat; in the foreground, agriculture is represented as the basis of the future prosperity of the state, by a settler's cabin and a man plowing with a pair of horses; beyond this is a train of ox-wagons, going west; in the background is seen a herd of buffalo, retreating, pursued by two Indians, on horseback; around the top is the motto, "Ad astra per aspera," and beneath a cluster of thirty-four stars. The circle is surrounded by the words, "Great seal of the state of Kansas. January 29, 1861."

Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado, in 1541, is considered the first European to have traveled this region. Sieur de la Salle's extensive land claims for France (1682) included present-day Kansas. Ceded to Spain by France in 1763, the territory reverted to France in 1800 and was sold to the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

Lewis and Clark, Zebulon Pike, and Stephen H. Long explored the region between 1803 and 1819. The first permanent white settlements in Kansas were outposts—Fort Leavenworth (1827), Fort Scott (1842), and Fort Riley (1853)—established to protect travelers along the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails.

Just before the Civil War, the conflict between the pro- and anti-slavery forces earned the region the grim title of Bleeding Kansas.

Capital City: Topeka

Capitol Tour

Kansas: State of Kansas Official Web site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports MapAirport Links

Amtrak: West

Area: 82282 sq.mi, 15th   Land 81823 sq. mi., 13th   Water 459 sq.mi., 43rd

Area Codes: Kansas

Biographies: Famous People from Kansas

Bird: Western Meadowlark

Border States: Regional List  • Colorado •  Missouri •  NebraskaOklahoma

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Climate: Kansas

Community Pages: Kansas Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 34th State

Counties: Kansas

Courts: Judicial System

County Profile: County Map   105 Counties

Current Events: Kansas News Headlines

Department of: EducationCertification | Emporia State University Bluestem Region, Emporia. | Kansas State University | Located in Manhattan, Kansas; K-State was founded February 16, 1863. | University of Kansas KU was founded in 1864 in Lawrence, Kansas

Driving: DMV

Economy: Agriculture: Cattle, wheat, sorghum, soybeans, hogs, corn. •  Industry: Transportation equipment, food processing, printing and publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, mining.

Flag: Kansas (KA)

Flower: Sunflower   Helianthus annuus

Cyndi's List •  Historical Societies

Geographic Center: Barton, 15 miles northeast of Great Bend

Geology Maps: Kansas

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Mt. Sunflower; 4,039 feet, 28th

Highways: Kansas Highways  •  Historic Route 66

History: History Timeline   Historical  • Civil War

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Kansas Kids Site

Library: Blue Skyways - Kansas State Library  

License Plates: Kansas

Lottery: Kansas

Lowest Point: Verdigris River; 680 feet, 43rd


Media: Radio | TV

Motto: Ad astra per aspera To the stars through difficulties

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name: Kansas name from the Sioux Indian for "south wind people"

National Forest:

Population: Quick facts   2,688,418; 32nd, 12/00

Real Estate: Every Kansas City, Town & Community

Representatives: Kansas House: Members •  Kansas Senate: Members •  US House:   110th Congress •  US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: Kansas

School Directory: Kansas

Soil: Kansas - Harney

Song: Kansas  • 

Sports: Kansas Teams

State Parks: Kansas

State Symbols: Kansas

Tourism: www.travelks.com

Travel: Kansas Travel

Tree: Cottonwood   Populus deltoides  

Veteran Affairs: Kansas CVA

Visitor Guides: Kansas A comprehensive travel and tourist information site for Kansas by Kansas Travel & Tourism.

Weather: Topeka, Forbes Field

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