Texas History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Lone Star State

Great Seal of the State of Texas

Adoptedin June 1992.

The Great Seal of the state of Texas was adopted in June 1992.

Today, the seal of the state of Texas has developed into a uniform design with both a front (obverse) and a reverse side. By law, the seal is required to authenticate official documents of the state. The origins of the seal go back to the early days of the republic.

Six national flags have flown over Texas since the first European exploration of the region by Cortez in 1519. The six flags are:

Texas Under Spain. 1519-1685; 1690-1821. Spain was the first European nation to claim what is now Texas, beginning in 1519 when Cortez was establishing Spanish presence in Mexico,

Texas Under France. 1685-1690 Planning to expand its base from French Louisiana, France took a bold step in 1685, planting its flag in eastern Texas near the Gulf Coast.

Texas Under Mexico. 1821-1836 For more than a decade after Mexico became independent, hardy pioneers from the Hispanic south and the Anglo north flowed into Texas.

Texas as a Republic. 1836-1845 During nearly ten years of independence, the Texas republic endured epidemics, financial crises and still-volatile clashes with Mexico.

Texas in the Confederacy. 1861-1865 Sixteen years after Texas joined the union, the American Civil War erupted. Gov. Sam Houston, urging Texans to stay aloof or re-establish a neutral republic, was driven from office. Texas cast its lot with the doomed southerners, reaping devastation and economic collapse as did all Confederate states.

Texas in the US. 1845-1861; 1865-Present On joining the union, Texas became the 28th star on the U.S. flag. Shrugging aside defeat and bitter reconstruction after the Civil War, the offspring of Texas pioneers marshaled their strengths to secure a future based on determined self-reliance.

Capital City: Austin

Capitol Tour

Texas: State of Texas Official Web Site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports Map |  Airport Links

Amtrak: West

Area: 268601 sq.mi, 2nd   Land 261914 sq. mi., 2nd   Water 6687 sq.mi., 9th

Area Codes: Texas

Biographies: Famous People from Texas

Bird:  Mocking Bird

Border States: Regional List  Arkansas   Louisiana   New Mexico   Oklahoma

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Cities & Towns: Texas

Climate: Texas

Community Pages: Texas Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 28th State

Counties: Texas

County Profile: County Map   254 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: Texas News Headlines

Department of: Education | Certification | Rice University | Located in Houston, founded in 1912. | Texas A&M University System | Texas State University System | University of Texas System | University of Texas - Located in Austin, founded in 1883.

Driving: DPS

Economy: Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, nursery stock, poultry, sorghum, corn, wheat.   Industry: Chemical products, petroleum and natural gas, food processing, electric equipment, machinery, mining, tourism.

Flag: Texas (TX)

Flower: Bluebonnet   Lupins texensis

Cyndi's List   Historical Societies

Geographic Center: McCulloch, 15 miles northeast of Brady

Geology Maps: Texas

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Guadalupe Peak; 8,749 feet, 14th

Highways: Texas HighwaysHistoric Route 66

History: History Timeline   Historical   Civil War

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Texas Kids Site

Library: Texas 

License Plates: Texas

Lottery: Texas

Lowest Point: Gulf coast; sea level, 3rd


Media: Radio   TV

Motto: Friendship

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name: Texas name Based on a word used by Caddo Indians meaning "friends"

National Forest: Texas

Population: Quick facts   20,851,820; 2nd, 12/00

Presidential Birthplace: Dwight David Eisenhower 1953-1961 {34th}  Lyndon Baines Johnson, 1963-1969 {36th}

Real Estate: Every Texas City, Town & Community

Representatives: Texas House: Members  Texas Senate: Members  US House:   110th Congress  US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: Texas

School Directory: Texas

Soil: Texas - Houston Black

Song: Texas  • 

Sports: Texas Teams

State Parks: Texas Department of Parks and Wildlife Department

Symbols: Texas Symbols

Tourism: www.traveltex.com

Travel: Texas Travel

Tree: Pecan   Carya illinoensis  

Veteran Affairs: Texas TVC

Visitor Guides: Texas - Travel & Recreation in Texas.| Travel Texas - Texas Department of Economic Development.

Weather: Austin-Bergstrom Airport

White Pages: AnyWho.com  - Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages:: Yellow Pages.com

Zoo: Texas Zoo