New Mexico History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Land of Enchantment

Great Seal of the State of New Mexico

Adoptedin 1913.

The Great Seal of New Mexico was adopted in 1913. New Mexico's first seal was designed shortly after the organization of the Territorial Government, in 1851. The original seal has long since disappered, possibly as part of the artifacts placed into the cornerstone of the Soldiers Monument in the Santa Fe Plaza. Imprints of the original seal show it consisted of the American Eagle, clutching an olive branch in one talon, and three arrows in the other. Along the outside rim was the inscription "Great Seal of the Territory NM."

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, a Spanish explorer searching for gold, traveled the region that became New Mexico in 1540–1542. In 1598 the first Spanish settlement was established on the Rio Grande River by Juan de Onate; in 1610 Santa Fe was founded and made the capital of New Mexico.

The U.S. acquired most of New Mexico in 1848, as a result of the Mexican War, and the remainder in the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. Union troops captured the territory from the Confederates during the Civil War. With the surrender of Geronimo in 1886, the Apache Wars and most of the Indian conflicts in the area were ended.

Capital City: Santa Fe

Capitol Tour

New Mexico: State of new Mexico Official Web Site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports Map • Airport Links

Amtrak: West

Area: 121593 sq.mi, 5th   Land 121359 sq. mi., 5th   Water 234 sq.mi., 49th

Area Codes: New Mexico

Biographies: Famous People from New Mexico

Bird: The New Mexico state bird

Border States: Regional List •  Arizona •  ColoradoOklahomaTexasUtah

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Cities& Towns: New Mexico

Climate: New Mexico

Community Pages: New Mexico Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 47th State

County Profile: County Map   33 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: New Mexico News Headlines

Department of: Education •  Licensure  | Eastern New Mexico University Located in Portales, Roswell and Ruidoso, NM. | New Mexico State University  Based in Las Cruces, is the state's land-grant institution.| New Mexico State University Library University of New Mexico

Driving: MVD

Economy: Agriculture: Cattle, dairy products, hay, nursery stock, chilies.•  Industry: Electric equipment, petroleum and coal products, food processing, printing and publishing, stone, glass, and clay products, tourism.

Flag: New Mexico (NM)

Flower: Yucca flower   Yucca glauca

Cyndi's List  • Historical Societies

Geographic Center: Torrance, 12 miles southsouthwest of Willard

Geology Maps: New Mexico

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Wheeler Peak; 13,161 feet, 8th

Highways: New Mexico HighwaysHistoric Route 66

History: History Timeline   Historical  

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of New Mexico Kids Site

Library: New Mexico 

License Plates: New Mexico

Lottery: New Mexico

Lowest Point: Red Bluff Lake; 2,817 feet, 48th


Media: RadioTV

Motto: Crescit eundo It grows as it goes

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name: New Mexico: The words “Land of Enchantment” adorns automobile license plates and is used frequently in state publications to promote tourism.

Newspapers: New Mexico

Population: Quick facts   1,819,046; 36th, 12/00

Real Estate: Every New Mexico City, Town & Community

Representatives: New Mexico House: Members •  New Mexico Senate: Members  • US House:   110th  US Senate:   110th Congress Congress

School Directory: New Mexico

Soil: New Mexico - Penistaja

Song: New Mexico  • 

Sports: New Mexico Teams

State Parks: New Mexico  Official guide to New Mexico State Parks.

Symbols: New Mexico Symbols


Travel: New Mexico Travel

Tree: Pinyon Pine   Pinus edulis  

Veteran Affairs: New Mexico VA

Visitor Guides: New Mexico Official Site of the New Mexico Department of Tourism

Weather: Santa Fe, Santa Fe County Municipal Airport

White Pages:  - Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages:: Yellow

Zoo: Rio Grande Zoo