Missouri History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Show Me State

Great Seal of the State of Missouri

Adopted on January 11, 1822.

The Great Seal was designed by Judge Robert William Wells and adopted by the Missouri General Assembly on January 11, 1822. The center of the state seal is composed of two parts. On the right is the United States coat-of-arms containing the bald eagle. In its claws are arrows and olive branches, signifying that the power of war and peace lies with the U.S. federal government. On the left side of the shield, the state side, are a grizzly bear and a silver crescent moon. The crescent symbolizes Missouri at the time of the state seal's creation, a state of small population and wealth which would increase like the new or crescent moon; it also symbolizes the "second son," meaning Missouri was the second state formed out of the Louisiana Territory.

Hernando DeSoto visited the Missouri area in 1541. France's claim to the entire region was based on Sieur de la Salle's travels in 1682. French fur traders established Ste. Genevieve in 1735, and St. Louis was first settled in 1764.

The U.S. gained Missouri from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and the territory was admitted as a state following the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Throughout the pre–Civil War period and during the war, Missourians were sharply divided in their opinions about slavery and in their allegiances, supplying both Union and Confederate forces with troops. However, the state itself remained in the Union.

Historically, Missouri played a leading role as a gateway to the West, St. Joseph being the eastern starting point of the Pony Express, while the much-traveled Santa Fe and Oregon trails began in Independence.

Capital City: Jefferson City

Missouri State Capitol Tour

Missouri: State of Missouri Official Web Site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports MapAirport Links

Amtrak: Midwest

Area: 69709 sq.mi, 21st   Land 68898 sq. mi., 18th   Water 811 sq.mi., 34th

Area Codes: Missouri

Biographies: Famous People from Missouri

Bird: Eastern Bluebird

Border States: Regional List • Arkansas •  Illinois •  Iowa •  Kansas •  Kentucky •  Nebraska •  Oklahoma  • Tennessee

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Climate: Missouri

Community Pages: Missouri Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 24th State

County Profile: County Map   114 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: Missouri News Headlines

Department of: EducationCertification  • Lincoln University Of Missouri Established in 1866. • University of Missouri St LouisWashington University in St. Louis St. Louis, founded in1853.

Driving: DMV

Economy: Agriculture: Cattle, soybeans, hogs, dairy products, corn, poultry and eggs.•  Industry: Transportation equipment, food processing, chemical products, electric equipment, fabricated metal products.

Flag: Missouri (MO)

Flower: Hawthorn   Crataegus

Cyndi's List  • Historical Societies

Geographic Center: Miller, 20 miles southwest of Jefferson City

Geology Maps: Miissouri

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Taum Sauk Mountain; 1,772 feet, 41st

Highways: Missouri Highways Historic Route 66

History: History Timeline   Civil War  

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Missouri Kids Site

Library: Missouri 

License Plates: Missouri

Lottery: Missouri

Lowest Point: Saint Francis River; 230 feet, 30th


Media: Radio  •  TV

Motto: Salus populi suprema lex esto The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name:  Missouri named after Missouri Indian tribe whosename means "town of the large canoes"

National Forest: Missouri

Population: Quick facts   5,595,211; 17th, 12/00

Presidential Birthplace:  Harry S. Truman, 1945-1953 {33rd}

Real Estate: Every Missouri City, Town & Community

Representatives: Missouri House: Members • Missouri Senate: Members •  US House:   110th Congress • US Senate:   110th Congress

Road Side America: Missouri

School Directory: Missouri

Soil: Missouri - Menfro

Song: Missouri  • 

Sports: Missouri Teams

State Parks: Missouri

Symbols: MO Symbols

Tourism: www.missouritourism.org  • Branson Shows

Travel: Missouri Travel

Tree: Flowering Dogwood   Cornus florida

Veteran Affairs: Missouri VA

Visitor Guides: Missouri The Gateway to the West.

Weather: Jefferson City, Jefferson City Memorial Airport

White Pages: AnyWho.com  - Over 90 million people listings, businesses, emails, & reverse telephone listings.

Yellow Pages:: Yellow Pages.com

Zoo: Saint Louis Missouri Zoo