1912, when New Mexico entered the union, two
official state flags have flown over this
flag of the state was designed by New Mexico
historian Ralph Emerson Twitchell and featured a
design quite different from the current flag.
Mr. Twitchell's flag was blue with a small
representation of the flag of the United States
in the upper left hand corner and the New Mexico
State Seal in the lower right hand corner. "NEW
MEXICO" was embroidered diagonally across the
field from the lower left hand corner to the
upper right hand corner.
the Daughters of the American Revolution who had
been quite involved with the official state flag
designations in other states. In 1920, the
Daughters of the American Revolution suggested
that a new design be adopted that was more
representative of the unique character of New
Mexico. This idea had many supporters and, as
had been done in other states, a design
competition was launched. The winner was Dr.
Harry Mera, a Sante Fe physician and
archeologist. The flag was constructed by Dr.
Mera's wife, Reba.
and meaningful design features an interpretation
of an ancient symbol of the sun as found on a
late 19th century water jar from Zia Pueblo.
This red symbol is called a "Zia" and is
centered on a field of yellow.
the sacred number of the Zia and can be found
repeated in the four points radiating from the
circle. The number four is embodied in the four
points of the of the compass, North, East, South
and West; in the four seasons of the year
Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter; in the 24
hours of each day by sunrise, noon, evening and
night; by four seasons of life, childhood,
youth, adulthood and old age. The Zia also
believed that with life came four sacred
obligations: development of a strong body, a
clear mind, a pure spirit and devotion to the
welfare of people/family. All of these things
are bound together within the circle of life.
and yellow colors are the colors of Isabel of
Castilla brought to the continent by the Spanish
want more information on the State Flags of the
United States, you might want to check
How Proudly They Wave: Flags of the Fifty States by Rita D. Haban. This book is
geared toward kids... and for adults like me who
want to know about the history and design
significance of the flags of all fifty states
but can't find this information in an expensive