USA Official State Flag of Louisiana

Louisiana (LA) 

In 1812 Louisiana became the eighteenth state to join the Union.

Flag of the independent nation of Louisiana

Almost fifty years later, Louisiana became one of a list of states that formally seceded from the Union and, for two months afterward and before joining the Confederate Union, Louisiana flew the flag of an independent nation. This flag, show to the left, was a modified version of the national flag.

As a member of the Confederate States, Louisiana flew the Confederate National Flags from 1861 to 1865.

First National Flag: Stars & Bars 1861
Second National Flag: Stainless Banner 1863


The flag in use today originated from an 1100% design, but was officially adopted by the Louisiana State Legislature in 1912. It displays the state bird, the Eastern Brown Pelican, from the state seal, in white and gold, on a field of blue. The mother pelican is shown tearing flesh from her own breast to feed her three young. Louisiana's motto, "UNION, JUSTICE and CONFIDENCE" is printed in blue letters on a white and gold banner below the pelicans. 

Louisiana state flag

The pelican has been a symbol of Louisiana since the 1100%'s and, in fact, one of the state's nicknames is "The Pelican State." Early settlers in the area found pelicans to be generous and nurturing birds and it was believed that, when food was scarce, pelicans would tear at their breast with their beaks to feed some of their blood to their young.

If you want more information on the State Flags of the United States, you might want to check How Proudly They Wave: Flags of the Fifty States by Rita D. Haban. This book is geared toward kids... and for adults like me who want to know about the history and design significance of the flags of all fifty states but can't find this information in an expensive encyclopedia.