Maryland History, Geography, Population, State Facts

The Old Line State

Great Seal of the State of Maryland

Adopted in 1876.


The first Great Seal of Maryland was adopted in 1876.


The first Great Seal was brought over during the early days of the Maryland colony, but was stolen by Richard Ingle during his rebellion of 1645. Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, sent a similar seal from England in 1648 for the use of the Maryland Chancellor. Except for the period of crown rule (1692-1715), that Great Seal remained in use until the end of the 18th century, the Maryland Council having authorized continued use of the provincial seal on March 31, 1777 (Constitution of 1776, sec. 36).

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In 1608, Capt. John Smith explored Chesapeake Bay. Charles I granted a royal charter for Maryland to Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632, and English settlers, many of whom were Roman Catholic, landed on St. Clement's (now Blakistone) Island in 1634. Religious freedom, granted all Christians in the Toleration Act passed by the Maryland assembly in 1649, was ended by a Puritan revolt, 16541658.

From 1763 to 1767, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed Maryland's northern boundary line with Pennsylvania. In 1791, Maryland ceded land to form the District of Columbia.

In 1814, during the British attempt to capture Baltimore, the bombardment of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words to The Star-Spangled Banner. During the Civil War, Maryland was a slave state but remained in the Union. Consequently, Marylanders fought on both sides and many families were divided.

Capital City: Annapolis

Capitol Tour

Maryland: State of Maryland Official Web site

Admission to Statehood: Click for Date & List

Airports: Airports Map ? Airport Links

Amtrak: Northeast

Area: 12407 sq.mi, 42nd ? Land 9775 sq. mi., 42nd ? Water 2633 sq.mi., 18th ? Coastline 31 mi., 20th ? Shoreline 3,190 mi., 9th

Area Codes: Maryland

Biographies: Famous People from Maryland

Bird: Northern Oriole

Border States: Regional List ?? Delaware ?? Pennsylvania?? Virginia ?? West Virginia

Cam World: Live Web Cams

Climate: Maryland

Community Pages: Maryland Cities, Towns, Communities List

Constitution: 7th State? Constitution

County Profile: County Map ? 23 Counties

Courts: Judicial System

Current Events: Maryland News Headlines

Department of: Education?? Certification | Johns Hopkins University Baltimore.

Driving: MVA

Economy: Agriculture: Seafood, poultry and eggs, dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, soybeans, corn.??? Industry: Electric equipment, food processing, chemical products, printing and publishing, transportation equipment, machinery, primary metals, coal, tourism.

Flag: Maryland (MD)

Flower: Black-eyed susan? Rudbeckia hirta

Cyndi's List ?? Historical Societies

Geographic Center: Prince Georges, 4.5 miles northwest of Davidsonville

Geology Maps: Maryland

Ghost Towns: Ghost Towns

Governor: Office of Governor

Highest Point: Backbone Mountain; 3,360 feet, 32nd

Highways: Maryland Highways

History: History Timeline ?? Historical ??? Civil War

Hotels, Motels & Inns:

Kids Corner: State of Maryland Kids Site

Library: Maryland

License Plates: Maryland

Lighthouses: Bloody Point Bar ? Cove Point ? Drum Point ? Hooper Straight ? Piney Point

Lottery: Maryland Lottery

Lowest Point: Bloody Point Hole, 3rd; 174 feet below sea level

Media: Radio ? TV

Motto: "Fatti maschii parole femine," loosely translated "manly deeds, womanly words," but more accurately translated as "strong deeds, gentle words."

Museums: The Virtual Library

Name: Maryland.named to honor Henrietta Maria, wife of England's King Charles

Population: Quick facts ? 5,296,486; 19th, 12/00

Real Estate: Every Maryland City, Town & Community

Representatives: Maryland House: Members??? Maryland Senate: Members?? US House: ? 110th Congress ?? US Senate: ? 110th Congress

Road Side America: Maryland

School Directory: Maryland

Soil: Maryland - Sassafras

Song: Maryland? ??

Sports: Maryland Teams

State Parks: Maryland

Symbols: MD Kids? MD Archives


Travel: Maryland Travel

Tree:? White Oak ? Quercus alba ?

Veteran Affairs: Maryland VA

Visitor Guides: Maryland Office of Tourism Almost all about Maryland. | Ocean City A guide to Ocean City by the Department of Tourism. | Maryland Department of Natural Resources Like to participate in the black bear hunt permit lottery?

Weather: Baltimore, Baltimore-Washington International Airport

Zoo: Maryland Zoo

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