Background: Vermont State House in Montpelier - Photo by Redja

Living in Vermont

Vermont - The Green Mountain State

History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Vermont

Vermont USA Map
Vermont USA Map

Every residential area within Vermont from the large cities to the villages without stop lights continues to hang on to their small-town feel along with New England values which are so essential to people in this Green Mountain State. And while Vermont might be considered light in population, it's activities are big. From hunting, fishing, swimming to snowboarding, skiing and golfing, the opportunities for weekend family fun have no boundaries, seasonal or otherwise.

The Vermont people are protecting of their property, full of pride over their state and happy to offer a helping hand or to share with their neighbors. Getting around in most areas of the state is quite easy with hardly any rush hour traffic to be concerned over.

Most of the Vermont residents are tranquil and they love talking about the way Vermont "used to" look. When having breakfast out during a Sunday morning, it can be normal to end up having a discussion with an old-time resident about the way Main Street was before the new Superstore came in.

The state is well known for its four picturesque seasons, of which the most eye-catching is the fall with its bright red, yellow and orange leaves blanketing the mountainsides and forests. It’s also recognized for great skiing, snowmobiling and snowboarding .

From September through the end of May, hunting is also a popular activity . During the hunting season, when coming to Vermont and participating in any outdoor activities, it’s a smart idea to don bright colors to keep you from blending in with your surroundings and become mistaken for some in-season wildlife. It’s quite normal during the hunting season for wild-life to be seen mounted on pickup trucks or hanging from porches . Hunters are typically quite proud of the wild game they acquire, so stuffed and mounted game are displayed as home or business décor quite often.


The annual mean temperature for the state is 43 °F. Vermont has a humid continental climate, with muddy springs, in general a mild early summer, hot Augusts; it has colorful autumns: Vermont's hills turn red, orange, and (on sugar maples) gold foliage as cold weather sets in.

The rural northeastern section called the "Northeast Kingdom" often averages 10 °F colder than the southern areas of the state during winter. The annual snowfall averages between 60 and 100 inches depending upon elevation. Vermont is the seventh coldest state in the country


  • Vermont Geography, Facts and History
  • Vermont Facts & Trivia
  • Vermont Flags
  • Famous People from Vermont
  • Vermont Timeline
  • Vermont Official Song
  • Education

    Vermont Colleges. Vermont has five colleges within the Vermont State College system, University of Vermont (UVM) and fourteen other private, graduate colleges, including Bennington College, Burlington College, Champlain College, Goddard College, Marlboro College, Middlebury College, Saint Michael's College , the Vermont Law School and Norwich University.

    In 2016, the University of Vermont awarded the nation's second highest tuition for four years, $ 61,000 for in-state students, to $ 147,000 for non-state students. This corresponds to an average of 34,800 national students.


    Vermont's economic activity of $26 billion in 2010 ranked ot 34th in gross state product. ... In terms of economic impact, government, real estate, manufacturing and health care are the most significant sectors. In terms of visibility, agriculture, tourism, recreation, and forestry are prominent.

    Flora and Fauna

    Vermont State Flower - Red Clover
    Vermont State Flower - Red Clover
    Common trees of Vermont are the commercially important sugar maple (the state tree), the butternut, white pine, and yellow birch. Other recognized flora include 15 types of conifer, 130 grasses, and 192 sedges. Two plant species, Jesup's milk-vetch and Northeastern bulrush, were endangered in 2003.

    Native mammalian species include white-tailed deer, coyote, red fox, and snowshoe hare. Several species of trout are prolific. Characteristic birds include the raven (Corvus corax), gray or Canada jay, and saw-whet owl. In 2003, six animal species were listed as threatened or endangered in Vermont, including the Indiana bat, dwarf wedgemussel, and bald eagle.

  • Vermont State Bird (Hermit Thrush)
  • Vermont Official State Flower (Red clover)
  • Vermont Official State Tree (Sugar Maple)
  • Government

    Vermont State Capitol
    Vermont State Capitol
    The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier, is the state capitol of Vermont. It is the seat of the Vermont General Assembly. The current Greek Revival structure is the third building on the same site to be used as the State House. Designed by Thomas Silloway in 1857 and 1858, it was occupied in 1859. It is located on State Street on the western edge of downtown Montpelier, a block north of the Winooski River. Set against a wooded hillside (which was open pasture land earlier during much of its history), the building and its distinctive gold leaf dome are easily visible while approaching Montpelier, the smallest city to serve as capital of a U.S. state.

    State elected officials are the governor and lieutenant governor (elected separately), treasurer, secretary of state, auditor of accounts, and attorney general, all of whom serve two-year terms. A governor must have been a state resident for at least four years prior to election; no minimum age is specified for the office.

    Voters must be US citizens, at least 18 years old, and state residents.

  • Vermont Official Government Website
  • Attractions

    Vermont is one half myth and one half reality, home to a mystique that other states can only envy. A mere mention of its name and images appear: sunlit meadows of black-and-white cows, dazzling white ski trails, tidy hillside farms, blazing red maple trees along a stone wall, covered bridges, buckets collecting sap for maple syrup. Certainly these idyllic scenes still exist, although less picturesque plastic tubing has replaced most of the buckets, and many of the farms may now be chic B&Bs.

    Another part Vermont exists alongside this idealized one, the bustling Burlington, the outlet malls of Manchester, Killington's frenetic après-ski scene, and Brattleboro's unlikely blend of gritty blue-collar and '70s hippies grown up. Even the state's mainstay of agriculture has a new look, as dozens of artisanal cheese makers transform Vermont's dairy industry, and tourists eagerly follow the Vermont Cheese Trail to sample them. Other trails lead to traditional tourist attractions: maple farms boiling sap and welcoming visitors each March, and covered bridges - seven of them in the far-northern town of Montgomery alone. You'll enjoy Vermont.

    Isle La Motte Light Lighthouse
    Isle La Motte Light Lighthouse
    Lighthouses in Vermont - Even though Vermont does not have a coastline dotted with lighthouses, it does have six lighthouses on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain. Of these, the oldest is the Isle la Motte Light (1829), and the tallest is the Windmill Point Light (1858) at 40 feet.

  • Vermont Department of Tourism
  • Amusement Parks

    Bromley, Vermont's Summer Adventure, Peru
    Killington Resort, Killington

    National Parks

    Appalachian National Scenic Trail, Maine to Georgia, CT,GA,MA,MD,ME,NC,NH,NJ,NY,PA,TN,VA,VT,WV
    Marsh - Billings - Rockefeller National Historical Park, Woodstock, VT

    Green Mountain National Forest
    Green Mountain National Forest

    National Forests

    Green Mountain National Forest - 408,419 acres
      In Vermont's Green Mountains, this forest includes eight wilderness areas. Among the 900 miles of trails in the forest are the Appalachian Trail and two National Recreation Trails: Long and Robert Frost


    Winter sports are popular in New England, and Vermont's winter sports attractions are a big part of Vermont tourism. Some well known attractions include Burke Mountain ski area, Jay Peak Resort, Killington Ski Resort, Stowe Mountain Resort, the Quechee Club Ski Area, and Smugglers' Notch Resort.

    Vermont natives in the snowboarding profession include Kevin Pearce, Ross Powers, Hannah Teter, and Kelly Clark. Others learned snowboarding in the state, such as Louie Vito and Ellery Hollingsworth.

  • Vermont Sports
  • Taxes

    Vermont Tax Facts
    • Income tax: 3.55% - 8.95%
    • Sales tax: 6% - 7%
    • Property tax: 1.78% average effective rate
    • Gas tax: 30.46 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 32 cents per gallon of diesel



    Burlington International Airport
    Burlington International Airport Photo by MARK'N MARKUS
    Vermont Airports. Burlington International Airport is located near Burlington, Vermont, 10 minutes from Lake Champlain and 1 hour from 5 world-class resorts. Having recently experienced a $ 15 million expansion, the airport enjoys a reputation for easy access, excellent on-time recording and direct flights to several major cities. 

    Many business and leisure travelers prefer Rutland Southern Vermont Regional Airport for its easier accessibility, and connecting to the rest of the world is not a problem thanks to daily flights to Boston. The State Airport is located in the heart of the beautiful Green Mountains, 8 km south of Rutland, Vermont's second largest city. In addition to charter airlines, Rutland is served by Cape Air and JetBlue (as of 2011).


    There is ferry service to New York State from Burlington, Charlotte, Grand Isle, and Shoreham. All but the Shoreham ferry are operated by the LCTC (Lake Champlain Transportation Company).


    Two Amtrak trains serve Vermont, the Vermonter and the Ethan Allen Express. The state is also served by the New England Central Railroad, the Vermont Railway, and the Green Mountain Railroad. The Ethan Allen Express serves Castleton and Rutland, while the Vermonter serves St. Albans, Essex Junction, Waterbury, Montpelier, Randolph, White River Junction, Windsor, Bellows Falls, and Brattleboro.


    In 2010, Vermont owned 2,840 miles of highway. This was the third smallest amount of roads among the 50 states. 2.5% of the highways were listed as "congested," the 5th lowest in the country. 34.4% of its bridges were rated deficient or obsolete, Individual communities and counties have public transit, but their breadth of coverage is frequently limited. Greyhound Lines services a number of small towns.

    Vermont Housing

    The median home value in Vermont is $200,000. Vermont home values have gone up 3.8% over the past year and  predictions are they will rise 0.7% within the next year. The median list price per square foot in Vermont is $152. The median price of homes currently listed in Vermont is $269,900.
    Vermont Association of Realtors
    Vermont Real Estate Commission
    Search Vermont Real Estate Listings

    Vermont Cities & Towns

    Six of Vermont's 14 counties have at least one city within their borders. Five cities serve as the county seats for their respective counties. Vermont has 255 municipalities. This includes 237 towns, nine cities, five unincorporated towns, and four gores. Burlington is the largest city with a population of 42,417, Victory is the smallest town with a population of 62.
  • Vermont Cities and Towns
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    Living in Vermont . Living in Vermont