History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Michigan
Michigan USA Map
Living costs are some of the many benefits of living in Michigan. Comparatively costs are much lower than numerous other regions across the U.S.. Naturally, this depends
upon the particular Michigan location you select although overall, there are great deals on housing and retail purchases. For a family moving to Michigan, you are going
to discover that the system of education in the public schools of Michigan are among the best with high standards along with an above average rate of success. There are
also many colleges, universities, private schools and trade schools, in Michigan.
One of the primary reasons to live in Michigan is its climate. Michigan has four separate seasons while the opportunities for recreational to go along with each season.
For those people who enjoy changing seasons, Michigan is a great location. Michigan is also renowned for its miles of beaches that surround the area. there is a
profusion of wildlife and the landscape is exceptionally breathtaking with its flora and fauna. Anyone with an interest in seeing the natural habitat of many species
should come to Michigan to soak in its beauty.
Michigan has a temperate climate with well-defined seasons. The warmest temperatures and longest frost-free period are found most generally in the southern part of the lower peninsula; Detroit has a normal daily mean temperature of 49°F, ranging from 23°F in January to 72°F in July.
Tall and elegant or short and utilitarian, beautifully restored or lying silently forgotten, the dozens of lighthouses standing sentinel along Michigan’s 3,200 miles of
shoreline are worth a visit. Many of Michigan’s lighthouses are open for tours, if only seasonally. Others are home to bed and breakfast lodging or museums. Still others
are privately owned or otherwise inaccessible, inviting admiration from afar a few souvenir photographs. Take a look at
Michigan offers a number of public universities across the state and numerous private colleges. Michigan State University has the eighth largest campus population of any US
school. Seven of the state universities-Central Michigan University, the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, Michigan Technological University, Oakland
University, Wayne State University, and Western Michigan University-are considered by the Carnegie Foundation to be research universities
Known as the home of the automotive industry, manufacturing is no longer the
number one sector. That spot now belongs to the finance, insurance and real estate sector, which
titals 21 percent of private industry gross domestic product. Manufacturing is
now number two at 19 percent.
Maple, birch, hemlock, aspen, spruce, and fir predominate in the upper peninsula; maple, birch, aspen, pine, and beech in the lower. Once common in the state, elms have largely disappeared because of the ravages of disease, while the white pine (the state tree) and red pine, which dominated northern Michigan forests and were prime objects of logging operations, have been replaced in cutover lands by aspen and birch. The area south of a line from about Muskegon to Saginaw Bay formerly held the only significant patches of open prairie land (found
mostly in southwestern Michigan) and areas of widely scattered trees, called oak openings. Intensive agricultural development, followed by urban industrial growth, leveled much of this region's forests, although significant wooded acreage remain, especially in the less populated western regions.
Strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, blueberries, and cranberries are among the fruit-bearing plants and shrubs that grow wild in many areas of the state, as do mushrooms and wild asparagus. The state flower, the apple blossom, calls to mind the importance of fruit-bearing trees and shrubs in Michigan, but wild flowers also abound, with as many as 400 varieties found in a single county. Eight Michigan plant species were listed as threatened or endangered as of 2003, including the American hart's-tongue fern, dwarf lake iris, Michigan Monkey-flower, and Eastern prairie fringed orchid.
The state's fauna, like its flora, has been greatly affected by settlement and, in a few cases, by intensive hunting and fishing. Moose are now confined to Isle Royale, as are nearly all the remaining wolves, which once roamed throughout the state. The caribou and passenger pigeon have been extirpated, but the elk and turkey have been successfully reintroduced in the 20th century. There is no evidence that the state's namesake, the wolverine, was ever found in Michigan, at least in historic times. Despite intensive hunting, the deer population remains high. Other game animals include the common cottontail, snowshoe hare, raccoon, and various squirrels. In addition to the raccoon, important native furbearers are the river otter and the beaver, once virtually exterminated but now making a strong comeback.
More than 300 types of birds have been observed. Aside from the robin (the state bird), the most notable bird is Kirtland's warbler, which nests only in a 60 square mile section of jack-pine forest in north-central Michigan. Ruffed grouse, bobwhite quail, American woodcock, and various ducks and geese are hunted extensively. Populations of ring-necked pheasant, introduced in 1895, have dropped at an alarming rate in recent decades. Reptiles include the massasauga, the state's only poisonous snake.
Whitefish, perch, and lake trout (the state fish) are native to the Great Lakes while perch, bass, and pike are indigenous to inland waters. In 1877, the carp was introduced, with such success that it has since become a nuisance. Rainbow and brown trout have also been planted, and in the late 1960s, the state enjoyed its most spectacular success with the introduction of several species of salmon
The Michigan State Capitol is the building that houses the legislative branch of the government of Michigan. It is in the portion of the state capital of Lansing which lies in Ingham County. The present structure, at the intersection of Capitol and Michigan Avenues, is a National Historic Landmark that houses the chambers and offices of the Michigan Legislature as well as the ceremonial offices of the Governor of Michigan and Lieutenant Governor. Historically, this is the third building to house the Michigan government.
The first state capitol was in Detroit, the original capital of Michigan, and was relocated to Lansing in 1847, due to the need to develop the state's western portion and for better defense from British troops stationed in Windsor, Ontario.
Elected executive officials include the governor and lieutenant governor (who run jointly), secretary of state, and attorney general, all serving four-year terms. Elections are held in even-numbered years between US presidential elections. The governor and lieutenant governor must be at least 30 years old and must have been registered voters in the state for at least four years prior to election.The governor, who is limited to serving two consecutive terms, appoints the members of the governing boards and/or directors of executive departments, with the exception of the Department of Education, whose head is appointed by the elected State Board of Education. The trustees of Michigan State University, the University of Michigan, and Wayne State University are also elected by the state's voters. Trustees serve eight-year terms.
A voter in Michigan must be a US citizen, at least18 years old, and must have been a resident of the state and city or township for 30 days prior to election day. Those confined to jail after conviction and sentencing are ineligible to vote.
Michigan's most-visited destinations include a wide range of interests thanks to the state's diverse landscape, rich history, and legendary city of Detroit. There are endless opportunities for those who are looking to enjoy nature, especially along the shores of the Great Lakes, where you can find freshwater dunes and coastal habitats far from the sea. Visiting historical sites, like living history museums, is one of the popular things to do, especially Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island and Greenfield Village, which is part of the Henry Ford historic sites. For those looking for a faster pace, Detroit is an excellent place to visit, a city which has worked hard to embrace its significant contributions as the Motor City while evolving into a top
visitor destination and cultural center
St. Joe Lighthouse
Lighthouses in Michigan
- List of all lighthouses in Michigan as identified by the United States Coast Guard. Michigan is home to lights on four of the Great Lakes, Lake St. Clair and connecting waterways.
The first lighthouse in the state, Fort Gratiot Light, was erected in 1825. It is still active. The
Michigan.gov website has a Map of Michigan Lighthouses in PDF format.
Michigan's Adventure is a 250-acre amusement park in Muskegon County, Michigan, about halfway between Muskegon and Whitehall. It is the largest amusement park in the state and has been owned and operated by Cedar Fair since 2001. As of 2012, Michigan's Adventure had 53 rides, more than any other park in the state.
The park also includes an outdoor water park, WildWater Adventure. The park is headlined by seven roller coasters, including Shivering Timbers, a basic wooden coaster, and a suspended looping coaster, Thunderhawk. The typical operating season is
May through September.
Explore a rugged, isolated island, far from the sights and sounds of civilization. Surrounded by Lake Superior, Isle Royale offers unparalleled solitude and adventures for backpackers, hikers, boaters, kayakers, canoeists and scuba divers. Here, amid stunning scenic beauty, you'll find opportunities for reflection and discovery, and make memories that last a lifetime.
From 7,000 years ago to the 1900s people mined Keweenaw copper. Native peoples made copper into tools and trade items. Investors and immigrants arrived in the 1800s in a great mineral rush, developing thriving industries and cosmopolitan communities. Though the mines have since closed, their mark is still visible on the land and people.
If you are interested in automotive history, then MotorCities National Heritage Area is the place to be. Tour the factory where Henry Ford created and built the Model T. Learn the stories behind the creation of General Motors and DamilerChrysler. Come with us and learn about the long and sometimes tenuous relationship between Labor and Industry while experiencing southeast Michigan.
Seven States-New York to North Dakota MI,MN,ND,NY,OH,PA,WI
Come to the North Country. Trek the hills and valleys. Lakes and streams remain from glaciers 10,000 years before. Here you’ll find clear-flowing water, the red and gold of autumn, a fairyland of snow, wide open prairies, and distant horizons. Historic sites along the way tell the story of how America settled and grew as a nation. From New York to North Dakota, you're never far from adventure.
Sandstone cliffs, beaches, sand dunes, waterfalls, inland lakes, deep forest, and wild shoreline beckon you to visit Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. The power of Lake Superior shapes the park's coastal features and affects every ecosystem, creating a unique landscape to explore. Hiking, camping, sightseeing, and four-season outdoor opportunities abound.
River Raisin National Battlefield Park preserves, commemorates, and interprets the January 1813 battles of the War of 1812 and their aftermath in Monroe and Wayne counties in SE Michigan. The Battle resulted in the greatest victory for Tecumseh’s American Indian confederation and the greatest defeat for the U.S. The resulting rally cry “Remember the Raisin” spurred support for the rest of the war.
Miles of sand beach, bluffs that tower 450’ above Lake Michigan, lush forests, clear inland lakes, unique flora and fauna make up the natural world of Sleeping Bear Dunes. High dunes afford spectacular views across the lake. An island lighthouse, US Life-Saving Service stations, coastal villages, and picturesque farmsteads reflect the park’s rich maritime, agricultural, and recreational history.
Located in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, Hiawatha National Forest borders Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, and Lake Huron. The forest is home to Grand Island National Recreation Area and five wilderness areas.
Located in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Ottawa National Forest stretches from Lake Superior to the Wisconsin border. There are 500 named lakes, nearly 2,000 miles of streams, and three wilderness areas in the forest
Michigan's major-league sports teams include: Detroit Tigers baseball team, Detroit Lions football team, Detroit Red Wings ice hockey team, and the Detroit Pistons men's
basketball team. All of Michigan's major league teams play in the Metro Detroit area.
The Pistons played at Detroit's Cobo Arena until 1978 and at the Pontiac Silverdome until 1988 when they moved into The Palace of Auburn Hills. In 2017, the team moved to
the newly built Little Caesars Arena in downtown Detroit. The Detroit Lions played at Tiger Stadium in Detroit until 1974, then moved to the Pontiac Silverdome where they
played for 27 years between 1975 and 2002 before moving to Ford Field in Detroit in 2002. The Detroit Tigers played at Tiger Stadium (formerly known as Navin Field and
Briggs Stadium) from 1912 to 1999. In 2000 they moved to Comerica Park. The Red Wings played at Olympia Stadium before moving to Joe Louis Arena in 1979. They later moved
to Little Caesars Arena to join the Pistons as tenants in 2017. Professional hockey got its start in Houghton, when the Portage Lakers were formed
Gas tax: 42.14 cents per gallon of regular gasoline and 42.54 cents per gallon of diesel
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
There are 236 Michigan airports that can be used by the public. There are also many private airports in Michigan as the state has many avid airmen. The airports in Michigan are heavily frequented and therefore have the latest technology and friendly service to provide their customers with a comfortable flight experience.
Because Michigan is a big state and well connected to global destinations and the rest of the US, it has a huge traffic of people entering and exiting the state every day. There are many international airports in Michigan. They include Bishop International Airport at Flint, Gerald R. Ford International Airport at Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo / Battle Creek International Airport at Kalamazoo, Sawyer International Airport at Marquette, MBS International Airport at Saginaw and Chippewa County International Airport at Sault Ste. Marie. In addition, there are international general aviation airports such as Coleman A. Young Airport in Detroit, Oakland County International Airport in Pontiac, St. Clair County International Airport and Merillat International Airport.
Ore freighter Arthur M. Anderson departing the Escanaba harbor
Bishop International Airport at Flint is one of the fastest growing airports in Michigan. He is also proud to offer low fares without sacrificing comfort. The airport has all the amenities to make traveling easier. The airport has a business center, gift shop, lounge with restaurants and video games, shoe store and skycap service. The airport offers assistance to people with disabilities.
Menominee, Escanaba, Manistique, Petoskey, Traverse City, Frankfort, Manistee, Ludington. Pentwater,
Muskegon, Holland, South Haven, St. Joseph, Benton Harbor, New Buffalo
Michigan has four Class I railroads: the Canadian National Railway, the Canadian Pacific Railway, CSX Transportation, and the Norfolk Southern Railway. These are augmented by several dozen short line railroads. The
primary type of rail service in Michigan is devoted to freight, with Amtrak and various scenic railroads the exceptions.
Amtrak passenger rail services the state, connecting many southern and western Michigan cities to Chicago, Illinois. There are plans for commuter rail for Detroit and its suburbs (see SEMCOG Commuter Rail).
Local Names for Michigan Highways
Bay Region. Arenac, Bay, Clare, Genesee, Gladwin, Gratiot, Huron, Isabella, Lapeer, Midland, Saginaw, Sanilac and
Grand Region. Ionia, Kent, Mecosta, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana and Ottawa counties.
Metro Region. Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair and Wayne counties.
The median home value in Michigan is $146,600. Michigan home values have gone up 8.8% over the past year and predictions
are they will rise 8.5% within the next year. The median list price per square foot in Michigan is $130. The median price of homes currently listed in Michigan is $180,000. The median rent price in Michigan is $1,175.
Michigan is divided into 83 counties and contains 533 incorporated municipalities consisting of cities and villages.
Of those, 276 are cities, 257 are villages, and 1,240 are townships.
Detroit has the largest population with 713,777 people, while Turner is the smallest with a population of 114.