History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Utah
Utah USA Map
Depending on the place you are coming from and the region you plan on settling down in, relocating to Utah can be a simple sidestep in changing your residency or it can
be the medium for culture shock. In any case, you’ll be locating in one of the more picturesque states in the nation and there's lots of opportunity to participate in
outdoor activities. To the north, there’s plenty of skiing. South in the Canyon Country, there's opportunity for breathtaking climbing and hiking. However if native
beauty isn’t your thing, there are lots of other reasons for living in Utah.
Although it’s correct that the state of Utah has the largest Morman or Latter-day Saint (LDS) population, moving here does not require you to conform or convert your
life style. The LDS member percentage in Utah is around 60 percent, while just 41 percent actually claim to be active in going to church. Salt Lake City, the state
capital, has a thriving LGBT membership with many LGBT-friendly establishments, giving the city a cultural oasis status which many transferees to the state are often
pleasantly surprised to learn.
Utah has a dry, continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. The average temperature in July is in the low 70s F. In winter the average temperature is slightly below freezing except in the southwest. Daily temperatures vary widely: when Salt Lake City has July highs of 90 °F or above, nighttime temperatures range from the mid-50s to the mid-60s F.
Utah's 31 colleges and universities give 139,681 full-time students a choice for all types of students. Explore them below to begin your college search.
These college lists and rankings are objective and data-driven. Whether you are looking for a public or private school, a traditional campus, or an online campus,
This University list offers a comprehensive guide to higher education in the state.
Utah has a largely mixed economy including industries like agriculture, finance, tourism, mining, manufacturing, information technology, and petroleum production.
Most of Utah's gross state product is produced along the Wasatch Front, containing the state capital Salt Lake City.
Flora and Fauna
Botanists have recognized more than 4,000 floral species in Utah's six major life zones. Common trees and shrubs include four species of pine and three of juniper; aspen, cottonwood, maple, hawthorn, and chokecherry also flourish, along with the Utah oak, Joshua tree, and blue spruce (the state tree). Among Utah's wildflowers are sweet William and Indian paintbrush; the sego lily is the state flower. In 2003, 24 plant species were classified as threatened or endangered in Utah, including five species (San Rafael, Siler pincushion, Wright fishhook, Uinta Basin hookless, and Winkler) of cactus, dwarf bear-poppy, five species (Shivwitz, Deseret, Holmgren, heliotrope, and Welsh's) of milk-vetch, and autumn buttercup.
Mule deer are the most common of Utah's large mammals; other mammals include pronghorn antelope, Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep, lynx, grizzly and black bears, and white- and black-tailed jackrabbits. Among native bird species are the great horned owl, plain titmouse, and water ouzel; the golden eagle and great white pelican are rare species; and the sea gull (the state bird) is a spring and summer visitor from the California coast. The pygmy rattler is found in southwest Utah, and the Mormon cricket is unique to the state.
In 2003, 23 animal species were listed as threatened or endangered in Utah. Among them were the bald eagle, Utah prairie dog, three species (bonytail, humpback, and Virgin River) chub, whooping crane, two species of sucker, southwestern willow flycatcher, and woundfin. Many birds and fish have been killed or imperiled by the inundation of freshwater marshes with salt water from the flooding Great Salt Lake.
The Utah State Capitol is the house of government for the state of Utah. The building houses the chambers and offices of the Utah State Legislature, the offices of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, the State Auditor and their staffs. The capitol is the main building of the Utah State Capitol Complex, which is located on Capitol Hill, overlooking downtown Salt Lake City.
The Neoclassical revival, Corinthian style building was designed by architect Richard K.A. Kletting, and built between 1912 and 1916. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.
The chief executive officers, all elected for four-year terms, include the
governor, lieutenant governor (who also serves as secretary of state), attorney
general, treasurer, and auditor. The governor must be at least 30 years old, a
qualified voter, and must have been a state resident and citizen for at least
five years. The governor and lieutenant governor are jointly elected and limited
to serving three consecutive terms.
Voters must be US citizens, at least 18 years old, and have been residents of the state 30 days prior to election day. Restrictions apply to those convicted of certain crimes and to those judged by the court as mentally incompetent to vote.
Utah is one of the nation's great outdoor states, with incredible national and state parks, top-rated ski resorts, and natural wonders like you won't find anywhere else in the world. A road trip through Utah is one the best ways to see the sites, and scenic drives are everywhere throughout the state. For cultural highlights or nearby skiing, Salt Lake City
is the place to go. If you're looking for outdoor adventures, from hiking, mountain biking, and camping to ATV motorcycle riding and off-road pursuits, be sure to check out Moab and St. George. Keep in mind, Utah's elevation varies considerably, and while it's hot and sunny in some areas, it may be snowing in others. Some parks have only limited accessibility in winter, and some towns almost shut down during this season. But most of the best places to visit are open year-round.
Straddling the divide between the Great Basin and Colorado River, Dixie National Forest has elevations ranging from 2,800 feet near St. George to 11,322 feet on Boulder Mountain. Ashdown Gorge, Box-Death Hollow, Cottonwood Forest, and Pine Valley Mountain wilderness areas are in the forest
Located in south central Utah, Fishlake National Forest is named for Fish Lake, the state's largest natural mountain lake. The forest's Tushar Mountains reach their highest point at 12,174 feet on Delano Peak.
Utah is the second-least populous U.S. state to have a major professional sports league franchise, after the Las Vegas Golden Knights joined the National Hockey League in
2017. The Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association play at Vivint Smart Home Arena in Salt Lake City. The team moved to the city from New Orleans in 1979 and has
been one of the most consistently successful teams in the league (although they have yet to win a championship). Salt Lake City was previously host to the Utah Stars, who
competed in the ABA from 1970–76 and won 1 championship, and to the Utah Starzz of the WNBA from 1997 to 2003.
Real Salt Lake of Major League Soccer was founded in 2005 and play their home matches at Rio Tinto Stadium in Sandy. RSL remains the only Utah major league sports team to
have won a national championship
Gas tax: 29.41 cents per gallon of regular gasoline and diesel
Salt Lake City International Airport Photo by Mark Stevens
Salt Lake City International Airport is the only international airport in the state and serves as one of the hubs for Delta Air Lines. The airport has consistently ranked
first in on-time departures and had the fewest cancellations among U.S. airports. The airport has non-stop service to over 100 destinations throughout the United
States, Canada, and Mexico, as well as to Amsterdam, London and Paris. Canyonlands Field (near Moab), Cedar City Regional Airport, Ogden-Hinckley Airport, Provo Municipal
Airport, St. George Regional Airport, and Vernal Regional Airport all provide limited commercial air service. A new regional airport at St. George opened on January 12,
2011. SkyWest Airlines is also headquartered in St. George and maintains a hub at Salt Lake City.
TRAX, a light rail system in the Salt Lake Valley, consists of three lines. The Blue Line (formerly Salt Lake/Sandy Line) begins in the suburb of Draper and ends in Downtown Salt Lake City. The Red Line (Mid-Jordan/University Line) begins in the Daybreak Community of South Jordan, a southwestern valley suburb, and ends at the University of Utah. The Green Line begins in West Valley City, passes through downtown Salt Lake City, and ends at Salt Lake City International Airport.
The Utah Transit Authority (UTA), which operates TRAX, also operates a bus system that stretches across the Wasatch Front, west into Grantsville, and east into Park City. In addition, UTA provides winter service to the ski resorts east of Salt Lake City, Ogden, and Provo. Several bus companies also provide access to the ski resorts in winter, and local bus companies also serve the cities of Cedar City, Logan, Park City, and St. George. A commuter rail line known as FrontRunner, also operated by UTA, runs between Pleasant View and Provo via Salt Lake City.
Amtrak's California Zephyr, with one train in each direction daily, runs east–west through Utah with stops in Green River, Helper, Provo, and Salt Lake City.
I-15 and I-80 are the main interstate highways in the state, where they intersect and briefly merge near downtown Salt Lake City. I-15
runs north-to-south, entering from Arizona near St. George, paralleling the Wasatch Front, and crossing into Idaho near Portage. I-80 spans northern Utah east-to-west, entering from Nevada at Wendover, crossing the Wasatch Mountains east of Salt Lake City, and entering Wyoming near Evanston. I-84 West enters from Idaho near Snowville (from Boise) and merges with I-15 from Tremonton to Ogden, then heads southeast through the Wasatch Mountains before terminating at I-80 near Echo Junction.
I-70 splits from I-15 at Cove Fort in central Utah and heads east through mountains and rugged desert terrain, providing quick access to the many national parks and national monuments of southern Utah, and has been noted for its beauty. The 103 mile
stretch from Salina to Green River is the country's longest stretch of
interstate without services.
There are 29 counties in the state of Utah. There were originally seven counties established under the provisional State of Deseret in 1849: Davis, Iron, Sanpete, Salt Lake, Tooele, Utah, and Weber.
There are 243 incorporated municipalities in the state. A municipality is called a town if the population is under 1,000 people, and a city if the population is over 1,000 people.
The largest city is the capital city of Salt Lake City with a population of 186,440,
while the former coal mining town of Scofield is the smallest town with 24 people.