History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Mississippi
Mississippi USA Map
There has been much growth and many changes within Mississippi during recent times, although one characteristic tends to stay the same: while older houses in
long-established neighborhoods have a run-down appearance, even abandoned or seeming neglected. Don't let these exterior appearances fool you! Inside, most homes show a
very different look, being clean, nicely decorated, while typically in good repair.
In Mississippi, the southern hospitality runs through and through while its people are truly polite, helpful, and generous, while possessing an innate feeling of
community, which is true even for non-natives. One thing you may often experience here is an affable curiosity over where you originate from and about your family lifestyle. Mississippians are serious about their families and their tight-knit communities
First explored for Spain by Hernando de Soto, who discovered the Mississippi River in 1540, the region was later claimed by France. In 1699, a French group under Sieur
d'Iberville established the first permanent settlement near present-day Ocean Springs.
Great Britain took over the area in 1763 after the French and Indian Wars, ceding it to the U.S. in 1783 after the Revolution. Spain did not relinquish its claims until
1798, and in 1810 the U.S. annexed West Florida from Spain, including what is now southern Mississippi.
For a little more than one hundred years, from shortly after the state's founding through the Great Depression, cotton was the undisputed king of Mississippi's largely
Over the last half-century, however, Mississippi has diversified its economy by balancing agricultural output with increased industrial activity.
Mississippi has a warm, mostly humid climate with long, hot summers and short, mild winters. In summer the average temperature is around 80 ° F through the
entirestate. Northern Mississippi has an average winter temperature of around 48 ° F.
Mississippi's Board of Trustees of state colleges was founded in 1944 to govern the state's eight state universities. The Board notes that its goal as the agency of all
those involved in the planning process is to develop and implement an ongoing, dynamic system strategy plan that is a useful and useful tool for the Board of Trustees,
the universities and all senior executives policy and budget decisions for the public university system to meet.
Economic growth slowed in Mississippi in 2017, with the economic growth 46th among states. Mississippi's economy grew 0.3 percent in 2017, compared to 2 percent growth in 2016
Per capita personal income in 2006 was $26,908, the lowest per capita personal income of any state, but
Mississippi also has the nation's lowest cost of living. 2015 data records the adjusted per capita personal income at $40,105. Mississippians consistently rank as one of the highest per capita in charitable contributions.
In 1990, the Mississippi legislature's decision to legalize casino gambling along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast has led to increased revenues and economic gains for the state. Gambling towns in Mississippi have attracted
more tourism which includes the Gulf Coast resort towns of Bay Biloxi, Gulfport
and St. Louis, and also the Mississippi River towns of Tunica (the third largest gaming area in the United States), Greenville,
Natchez and Vicksburg.
Flora and Fauna
Mississippi State Flower - Magnolia
Mississippi State Tree - Southern Magnolia
Post and white oaks, hickory, maple, and magnolia are abundant in the forests of the uplands; various willows and gums (including the tupelo) in the Delta; and longleaf pine in the Piney Woods. Characteristic wild flowers include the green Virginia creeper, black-eyed Susan, and Cherokee rose. Listed as threatened in 2003 was Price's potato-bean; listed as endangered were the Louisiana quillwort, pondberry, and American chaffseed.
Common among the state's mammals are the opossum, eastern mole, armadillo, coyote, mink, white-tailed deer, striped skunk, and diverse bats and mice.
Birds include varieties of wren, thrush, warbler, vireo, and hawk, along with numerous waterfowl and seabirds, Franklin's gull, the common loon, and the wood stork among them.
Black bass, perch, and mullet are common freshwater fish. Rare species in Mississippi include the hoary bat, American oystercatcher, mole salamander, pigmy killifish, Yazoo darker, and five species of crayfish. Listed as threatened or endangered in 2003 were 34 species, including the American and Louisiana black bears, eastern indigo snake, Indiana bat, Mississippi sandhill crane, bald eagle, Mississippi gopher frog, brown pelican, red-cockaded woodpecker, five species of sea turtle, and the bayou darter.
The Mississippi State Capitol in Jackson, Mississippi, is the state capitol building of the state of Mississippi, housing the Mississippi Legislature. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1969, and designated a Mississippi Landmark in 1986 and a National Historic Landmark in 2016.
The State Capitol is located in Jackson and has been the home of Mississippi's state legislature since 1903. It is the third capitol building in Jackson.
The Hall of Governors is located on the first floor. Portraits of Mississippi's governors since the creation of the Mississippi Territory in 1798 are on display. The State Library and the Supreme Court chamber, now both committee meeting rooms, are located on the second floor. The Legislature is housed on the third floor, along with the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the House's offices. Public viewing balconies for both chambers are located on the fourth floor.
The governor and lieutenant governor (separately elected), secretary of state, attorney general, state treasurer, state auditor, commissioner of insurance, and the commissioner of agriculture and commerce all serve four-year terms. (Voters also elect three transportation commissioners and three public service commissioners, who also serve four-year terms.) The governor and lieutenant governor must be at least 30 years old, a US citizen for 20 years, and a Mississippi resident for five years before election. The governor is limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms.
Every US citizen over the age of 18 may vote in Mississippi upon producing evidence of 30 days of residence in the state and county (and city, in some cases). Restrictions apply to those convicted of certain crimes and to those judged by the court as mentally incompetent to vote.
Mississippi is a diverse state featuring with a wide array of attractions and destinations. Jackson is its best-known city, home of the state capital and the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science. Tupelo is a smaller city but draws tourists who want to visit the two-room house where Elvis Presley was born. Vicksburg is one of the state's most historic locations, home to the Vicksburg National Military Park at the site of one of the Civil War's most important battles. Tourists can also enjoy sightseeing as they pass through the state via the Natchez Trace Parkway, a scenic route that has many historic spots and picture-perfect outlooks. Often overlooked, Mississippi's seashore is also a lovely place to visit, rich with marine life and home to the region's only dolphin rescue center
The Confederate victory at Brices Cross Roads was a significant victory for Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest, but its long term effect on the war proved costly for the Confederates. Brices Cross Roads is an excellent example of winning the battle, but losing the war.
What is it that entices people to the sea? Poet John Masefield wrote, “I must go down to the seas again, for the call of the running tide is a wild call and a clear call that may not be denied.” Millions of visitors are drawn to the islands in the northern Gulf of Mexico for the white sandy beaches, the aquamarine waters, a boat ride, a camping spot, a tour of an old fort, or a place to fish.
The Blues, Welty, Wright, Williams, Civil War and Civil Rights, The Great Flood, Bogues and Bayous, Plantations, The Great Migration, Rock ‘n’ Roll, Soul Food, King Cotton, The River, Precision Agriculture, Catfish, Gospel, Immigrants' Stories, Highway 61, Segregation, Integration, Share Cropping, Freedom Songs, Freedom Summer, Folk Tales, Swamp Forests, Hunting Clubs, and surprisingly, hot tamale
The Mississippi Gulf Coast is a culturally, historically, and environmentally distinctive region where many chapters in the national story have been written. The bounties of the Mississippi Gulf Coast's natural resources have brought people to this area from all over the world. The modern culture of the Coast consists of a multi-ethnic gumbo of people and traditions.
See the birthplace where Elvis made his entrance to the world stage ... Walk among the nation’s most extensive remaining Civil War earthworks from one of the largest sieges in the Western Hemisphere, at the Crossroads of the Confederacy ... There’s so much to see and do in the Mississippi Hills. Faulkner once said he could spend a lifetime writing about it—you could spend a lifetime exploring it.
Discover the history of all the peoples of Natchez, Mississippi, from European settlement, African enslavement, the American cotton economy, to the Civil Rights struggle on the lower Mississippi River.
The 450-mile foot trail that became known as the Natchez Trace was the lifeline through the Old Southwest. You can experience portions of that journey the way earlier travelers did - on foot. Today there are five separate trails totaling over 60 miles and they are administered by the Natchez Trace Parkway.
Visit the sites of the most epic struggle in the Western Theater of the Civil War. Nearly 110,000 American troops clashed in a bloody contest that resulted in 23,746 casualties; more casualties than in all of America's previous wars combined. Explore both the Shiloh and Corinth battlefields to discover the impact of this struggle on the soldiers and on the nation.
In July, 1864, Union forces, including men from the United States Colored Troops, marched into Tupelo, Mississippi. Disorganized Confederate soldiers fought fiercely but could not overpower the federal troops. Neither side could claim a clear victory, but Union troops had succeeded in their main goal: keeping the Confederates away from Union railroads in Tennessee
To Confederate President Jefferson Davis, Vicksburg was the "nailhead that holds the South's two halves together." President Abraham Lincoln remarked "Vicksburg is the key" to victory, and could be the north's lifeline into the south. As the federals closed in on the Fortress City, they were met by a ring of forts with over 170 cannon. The resulting battle would determine the war's outcome.
De Soto National Forest contains Mississippi's only wilderness areas: Black Creek and Leaf River. The Black Creek and Tuxachanie National Recreation Trails provide 60 miles of hiking opportunities. Black Creek has been designated a National Wild and Scenic River for 21 miles.
Located in southern Mississippi, this forest is named for the Homochitto River, meaning "Big Red River." Most of the forest is densely forested hills, but there are recreation facilities at Pipes Lake, Clear Springs, and Mount Nebo.
Located in central Mississippi, this forest includes several lakes and reservoirs and Harrell Prairie, the largest and least disturbed prairie in the state. Bienville Pines Scenic Area includes 189 acres of old-growth forest. It is managed collectively with Mississippi's five other National Forests.
Delta National Forest contains the only bottomland hardwood forest in the National Forest System, located in the floodplain of the Mississippi River. The forest includes the Green Ash-Overcup Oak-Sweetgum Research Natural Areas, which is a National Natural Landmark because it contains remnant bottomland old-growth forest
Located in northeastern Mississippi, Tombigbee National Forest covers rolling hills that were abandoned farmland before the forest was established. It is managed together with Mississippi's other National Forests
In north-central Mississippi, Holly Springs National Forest has small lakes in upland forests and unique bottomlands. Chewalla and Puskus recreation areas surround the namesake lakes and have boat launches
Biloxi is home to the Biloxi Shuckers baseball team, a AA minor league affiliate of the Milwaukee Brewers and member of the Southern League are located in Biloxi at MGM Park
Clinton is home to the Mississippi Brilla soccer team. The Brilla are a member of the USL Premier Development League.
Pearl is home to the Mississippi Braves baseball team. The Braves are an AA minor league affiliate of the Atlanta Braves. They play in the Southern League.
State Tax Facts
Income tax: 3% - 5%
Sales tax: 7% (8% in Jackson, Mississippi)
Property tax: 0.8% average effective rate
Gas tax: 18.79 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 18.40 cents per gallon of diesel
Jackson–Evers International Airport
There are 83 Mississippi airports for the public to use. Mississippi airports are well connected to all US states and many international destinations. Mississippi airports
make it easy to travel with their solid aviation technology and friendly service.
Mississippi's international airports include Gulfport Biloxi International Airport serving Gulfport / Biloxi and Jackson Evers International Airport Jackson. Other
Mississippi international airports are Stennis International Airport at Bay St. Louis and Trent Lott International Airport at Pascagoula.
Jackson Evers International Airport in Jackson is one of Mississippi's major
airports. This airport is served by more than 700,000 passengers every year.
Amenities at this airport include a themed restaurant and cafe, a Starbucks
coffee shop, a basic baggage claim area, a news and gift shop, ATMs, two
business centers and easy parking.
Mississippi is connected to national and global markets via its 16 ports on the navigable waters of the Mississippi River and its tributaries
Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway and the northern Gulf of Mexico include:
Yellow Creek State
Port of Amory
City of Aberdeen Port
Raymond D. Lucas
Lowndes County Port
Port of Rosedale
Port of Greenville
Port of Vicksburg
Port of Claiborne County
Yazoo County Port
Port of Gulfport
Biloxi Port Division
Port of Pascagoula
PassengerAmtrak provides scheduled passenger service along two routes, the Crescent and City of New Orleans. Prior to severe damage from Hurricane Katrina, the Sunset Limited traversed the far south of the state; the route originated in Los Angeles, California and it terminated in Florida.
All but two of the United States Class I freight railroads serve Mississippi (the exceptions are the Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific):
Canadian National Railway's Illinois Central Railroad subsidiary provides north-south service.
BNSF Railway has a northwest-southeast line across northern Mississippi.
Kansas City Southern Railway provides east-west service in the middle of the state and north-south service along the Alabama state line.
Norfolk Southern Railway provides service in the extreme north and southeast.
CSX has a line along the Gulf Coast.
Mississippi, Interstate Highways are maintained by the Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT).
The median home value in Mississippi is $123,200. Mississippi home values have gone up 6.5% over the past year and predictions
are they will rise 6.0% within the next year. The median list price per square foot in Mississippi is $92. The median price of homes currently listed in Mississippi is $182,000. The median rent price in Mississippi is $1,152.
Mississippi is divided into 82 counties including 299 incorporated municipalities consisting of cities, towns and villages.
The state's municipalities take up only 4.3% of the state's land mass but they are home to 50.5% of its population.
The largest municipality by population in Mississippi is Jackson with 173,514 residents,
while the smallest is Satartia with 55 residents. The largest municipality by land area is
also Jackson which covers 111.05 square miles, and Sidon is the smallest at 0.12 square miles. The city of Natchez is the oldest municipality in Mississippi incorporated March 10, 1803, and the city of Diamondhead is the state's newest municipality incorporated January 30, 2012.