USA Official State Tree of Michigan


Eastern White PineTree, a state symbol

(Pinaceae Pinus strobus)
Adopted in 1955.


The towering white pine, Pinaceae Pinus strobus, is a symbol of one of Michigan's greatest industries--lumbering. From 1870 to the early 1900s, Michigan led the nation in lumber production. During those years a transportation network and communities grew across the state to accommodate the lumber boom. Public Act 7 of 1955 designated the white pine as the state tree.




Eastern white pine also called northern white pine, is one of the most valuable trees in eastern North America. Before the arrival of white men, virgin stands contained an estimated 3.4 billion m (600 billion fbm) of lumber. By the late 1800's most of those vast stands had been logged. Because it is among the more rapid growing northern forest conifers, it is an excellent tree for reforestation projects, landscaping, and Christmas trees and has the distinction of having been one of the more widely planted American trees.

  • Leaf: Evergreen, 3 to 5 inches long, with five blue-green, slender needles per fascicle. A fascicle sheath is not present. Needles appear blue because of 3 or more lines of stomata.
  • Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, in clusters near branch tips; females light green, tinged in red, at ends of branches.
  • Fruit: Cones are 4 to 7 inches long, cylindrical, with thin, rounded cone scales, very resinous. Cones are borne on a long stalk. Maturing August to September.
  • Twig: Slender, gray-green to orange-brown in color.
  • Bark: On young trees; thin, smooth and gray-green in color. Later becoming thick, reddish-brown to gray-brown with prominent ridges and furrows.
  • Form: A large tree with a very straight stem. The crown is conical when young, later developing wispy, horizontal branches.


Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom Plantae -- Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida –
Order Pinales –
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus strobus L. – eastern white pine


Dendrology at Virginia Tech
U.S. Department of Agriculture