(Fabaceae Cercis canadensis)
Adopted in 1937; June 24, 1971
The Eastern Redbud, Fabaceae
Cercis canadensis, was adopted in
1937 as the state tree. The Redbud grows
in the valleys and ravines of Oklahoma.
In early spring, its reddish-pink
blossoms brighten the landscape
throughout the state.
Eastern redbud is a small, short-lived deciduous tree found throughout
the eastern United States. Redbud is
also known as Judas-tree. According to
legend, Judas Iscariot hanged himself
from a branch of the European species
Cercis siliquastrum (13). Eastern
redbud is a strikingly conspicuous tree
in the spring because it flowers before
other tree leaves form. The wood is
heavy, hard, and close-grained, but
because of the small size and irregular
shape of the tree it is of no commercial
value as a source of lumber. This tree
is most valued as an ornamental and is
- Leaf: Alternate, simple,
cordate in shape with an entire
margin, 3 to 5 inches long and wide.
The leaves are thin and papery, and
may be slightly hairy below.
- Flower: Very showy, light
to dark pink in color, 1/2 inch
long, appearing in clusters in March
to May, before the leaves.
- Fruit: Fruits are
flattened, dry, brown, pea-like
pods, 2 to 4 inches long that
contain flat, elliptical, brown
seeds 1/4 inch long. Maturing in
July to August.
- Twig: Slender and zigzag,
nearly black in color, spotted with
lighter lenticels. Winter buds are
tiny, rounded and dark red to
chestnut in color.
- Bark: Smooth, later scaly
with ridges somewhat apparent. Dark
in color. May have some maroon
- Form: A large shrub or
small tree with a short, often
twisted trunk and spreading
Senate Bill No. 143
An Act relating to forestry; ...
providing state tree; ... and
declaring an emergency.
Be it enacted by the People of
the State of Oklahoma:
SECTION 313. State tree - Redbud
The redbud shall be adopted and the
same be made the official tree of
Approved June 24, 1971.
[Codified in the Oklahoma
Statutes in Title 2, Section
1301-313, which is in
Article III, General
Forestry Laws, of the
Oklahoma Forestry Code,
Chapter 28 of Title 2.]
||Plantae -- Plants
||Spermatophyta – Seed
||Fabaceae – Pea family
||Cercis L. –
Cercis canadensis L.
– eastern redbud
Dendrology at Virginia Tech
U.S. Department of Agriculture