Moore School - 1920s - photo courtesy of Joanne Carmiho

Linden History

History of Linden, California with Biographical Sketches - Historic Record Company, Los Angeles, CA - 1923
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Welcome to Linden

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Rinaldi's Market

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Holy Cross Catholic Church

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Linden Publications - 5353 Harrison Street - Linden

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LInden Bean Processing.- 1944 - Donna's mother is the sixth one from the left in the while shirt with rolled up jeans (the cute one)

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Bees in the Cherry orchard
Photo by Ken Vogel

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De Vinci's - 18847 Front Street

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Moore School - 1920s - photo courtesy of Joanne Carmiho

This village of about 400 population is situated on what was known in the early days as the Mokelumne Hill road twelve to thirteen miles from Stockton in a northeasterly direction, and two miles south of the Calaveras river.   Originally this point was known as the Fifteen-Mile House, and then as Foreman's ranch up to August, 1862, when it was laid out by Mr. Foreman and given its present name by J. Wasley.  In the spring of 1849, when water covered nearly all the country around, two brothers named William D. (a doctor) and John Trebilcock, who were freighting to  the mines, noticed the highest point of land in the valley on this route, and, soon afterward locating here, opened a public house, which was at first merely a rough board shanty.  It was named the Fifteen-Mile House, on account of its distance by road at that time from Stockton.  In the summer of 1851 they put up a better building, and afterward made additions.  Subsequently these brothers sold the house to C. C. Rynerson,  who married their cousin, Mary Wasley, and who was afterward sheriff of this county.  The latter sold to Foreman & Beritzhoff, and it was long known as the Foreman ranch.

After Mr. Rynerson, the second settler, came John Haines, Samuel Foreman and A. C. Beritzhoff, the last two being the later proprietors of the tavern just mentioned.

The Moore school-house was the first built in the township, Linden being a part of the district: it was on Charles Hayden's ranch.  In August, 1858, the Jefferson school district was formed, taking in the present village sites, and that year the first school-house was built.  In 1862 the name of Linden was given to the district.  In 1864 the old school-house was burned down, and since then several new ones have been erected.

The flour-mill was first built in 1854, by John Doak, and N. Burroughs, who ran it for about two years.  In 1859 it was sold to C. C. Rynerson and John Wasley, who operated it until 1865, when it was destroyed by fire.  The following year they rebuilt, and again the new mill was burned in 1868.  Then the Linden Flouring Mill Company was organized and still another mill was erected, in 1871, a three-story brick at a cost of $35,000.  Its name from 1854 to 1859 was the "Calaveras Mill," then it was the "State Mills" until 1860, when it was changed to "Linden Mills."  It has been idle for a number of years.

The first store at Linden was started in 1856 by Thomas McCarter, who in April, 1857, was succeeded by Wasley & Rynerson and they in 1860 by E Case and J. S. Smith, and the latter afterward to Prather & Aull, etc.

The Methodist Episcopal Church, South, at Linden, was organized in 1855, with Rev. Ira Taylor as pastor.  The first services had been help by Thomas Barton, in the old Moore school-house.  In 1857 they erected a church edifice, at a cost of $2,000.  Rev. R. F. Beasley is the present pastor.

The Methodist Episcopal Church (North) at Linden have for their pastor Rev. H. L. Gregory,  who also has in his charge a church at Farmington, preaching in each place on alternate Sundays.

There is also a Catholic church at Linden.

Valley Lodge, No. 135, F. & A. M., was organized July 27, 1858, with the following charter members: J. C. Pendergrast, J. C. Reid, J. H. Cook, James H. Garnder, Thomas T. Wasley,  J. S. Haines, W. B. Stamper, J. F. Howard, W. H. Russell, Thomas T. Brook and T. W. Jarred.  Pendergrast was W. M.

Scio Lodge, No. 102, I. O. O. F., was organized June 13, 1861, with the following officers and members:  John Wasley, N. G.; C. W. Leach, V. G.; I . Smith, Sec;  Andrew Showers, Thomas McCarter, C. W. Martin, and C. Oxtoby.

A grange was organized here in 1873, a Good Templar society in 1878, etc.

In 1887 the people, by vote, introduced the grammar-school course, and during the month of June, 1990 three girls and two boys graduated herein.  There are six classes (graded) in the primary and four in the grammar course, which later comprises "high-school" studies.  The principal is J. S. Moulton, while Mrs. Moulton has charge of the intermediate classes and Miss Agnes Fine of the primary.   The school has a good philosophical apparatus, purchased about three years ago, and a good library of 300 volumes, including a cyclopedia.  There are about 130 scholars, averaging over a hundred in daily attendance.


This little village, located in one of the prettiest sections of the county, amidst a forest of giant oaks, was first located in 1849 by a teamster named William T. Treblecock. He was hauling freight to the mountain camps and one day during the winter, while driving on the Mokelumne Hill road, he mired in the mud near the present town of Linden. Going on a prospecting search for high land he found it at the locality named. The elevation being high, he believed it a good location for a stage and teamsters' station, and that fall he built there a public house, known as the Fifteen Mile House, at that time being about that distance from Stockton. In time Treblecock sold the hotel to C. C. Rynerson, who had married Mary Wasley, a cousin of Mr. Treblecock.

Again the tavern was sold, together with considerable farming land, 1,500 acres to Samuel Forman. Forman took in as a partner to manage the hotel Alexander C. Bertzhoff, who years after became one of the proprietors of the Stockton Independent. A general merchandising store was established there in 1856 by Thomas McCarter. He sold out in '57 to John Wasley and Rynerson, he and his brother, James Wasley, having bought land on that vicinity in 1852. In 1860 the store was sold to Edward Case and J. S. Smith, who sold to Prater & Aull. In 1861 the town boasted of Masonic, Odd Fellows and Temperance lodges, a hotel, three stores, postoffice, blacksmith and wagon shop, schoolhouse, church and flour mill. In August, 1861, the town was surveyed by the county surveyor, George E. Drew, the block laid off together with six streets, the Mokelumne Hill road being the main street. The town was named Linden, a name suggested by John Wasley.

The first school in the district was on the Charles Hayden ranch and known as the Moore schoolhouse. In 1858 the Jefferson school district was formed and a school established in Linden. This building was destroyed by fire in 1864 and replaced by a much better school building, subsequently four other school buildings were erected, on the same site as the first house. Last year a handsome $20,000 brick building was erected and the contractor, John Lewis, was a former pupil in the school.

The citizenship of the Linden district has always been of a high standard, not only in politics but in temperance and morality. There was a reason, it was settled up by a high class of men and they would not tolerate any lawlessness in that community. There were never more than one or two saloons in Linden, and they were abolished as soon as it was lawfully possible. The first religious service in that section was held in the Moore schoolhouse in 1855 by the Rev. Thomas Barton, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. The church was regularly organized at that time with the Rev. Ira Taylor as pastor. Two years later they erected a $2,000 house of worship.

The Methodist Episcopal Church, North, also had an organization at Linden with the Rev. H. L. Gregory as pastor, the church being dedicated July 7, 1864.

The Catholics had an organization and edifice in Linden. Erecting a new church in 1884 it was dedicated in September by the Archbishop Patrick Riordan, assisted by the parish priest, Father Cassin.

Valley lodge No. 135, F. & A. M., was instituted July 27, 1858, with the following officers: J. C. Pendegast, worthy master; J. C. Reid, senior warden; J. H. Cook, junior warden; M. M. Gardner, secretary; Thomas T. Wasley, treasurer; W. B. Stamper, senior deacon; J. S. Haines, junior deacon; William H. Russell, tyler, and the following additional charter members: J. H. Cook, J. E. Howland, Thomas T. Brook and J. W. Jarred.

The Odd Fellows lodge of Linden, Scio No. 102, was organized June 13, 1861, by Deputy District Grand Master Calvin C. Covell of Stockton. The following officers were elected and installed: John  Wasley, noble grand; Thomas MacCarter, vice grand; Isaac Smith, secretary. The additional charter members included Charles W. Leach, Andrew Showers, C. W. Martin and Charles Oxtoby. All of these lodges met in the second story of the school building, but on the evening of February 11, 1865, while the Good Templar lodge was in session, the building caught fire from an overheated stove and was destroyed. The second story of the brick warehouse was then converted into lodge rooms and handsomely fitted up at a cost of $4,000. The Masons and Odd Fellows still occupy this hall. They have only a working membership, for the pioneers are dead and the majority of the young men have moved away.

The Linden Flour Mill

The Linden flour mill, conducted under three different names, has had numerous change of owners. It was built in 1854 by John Doak and N. Burroughs and in 1857 they sold out to Rynerson & Wasley. In 1865 the mill was destroyed by fire, and rebuilt, again went up in smoke in 1868. In 1871 the Linden Flour Mill Company was organized and they erected a brick mill costing them about $35,000. The mill turned out 120 barrels of flour a day, but competition made the running of the mill a losing game and it has been idle many years.

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