Adopted on June 4, 1949.
The Wood Violet, Viola
papilionacea, was adopted as
Wisconsin's state flower on June 4,
Wisconsin's school children were
asked to vote for an official state
flower in 1908, which left four
finalists: arbutus, violet, white water
lily and wild rose. The following year
they voted again using the four
finalists and the violet won. However,
the violet was only named Wisconsin's
unofficial state flower until 1948.
Finally, during the Centennial celebration, a youth committee was set
up to officially adopt several state
symbols. At this time the official
flower, tree and bird were decided. On
Arbor Day 1909, the final vote was
taken, and the violet won. Chapter 218,
Laws of 1949, which created Section 1.10
of the statutes, named the wood violet
Wisconsin's official flower.
The violet is also the state flower
for Illinois, New Jersey, and Rhode
- Plant Type: This is a
herbaceous plant. It is variable in
flower color and to a lesser extent
Leaves: This plant has basal leaves
only. Each heart shaped leaf is
bluntly toothed and born on long
stem. High in vitamins A and C it
used to be a very welcome raw salad
or cooked green early in the spring
when fresh vegetables were hard to
come by. The flowers are more often
used nowadays. They can be candied
and also used in jellies.
- Height: Less than 1'
- Frequency: Many plants
found in low woods. This is the
violet commonly found in yards and
- Flowers: April; It is one
of the first plants to bloom in the
low, wet woods of the preserve in
early spring. The flowers are
irregular in shape . They are Deep
blue or violet sometimes almost
white with blue markings. Blooms
first appear in early spring and
continue into early fall. The side
petals have beards or tuffs near the
center of the flower. The flower
grows on its own stem. There are
also special flowers that stay near
the ground and do not open...but
they still produce bazillions of
- Habitat: Almost anywhere.
Prefers damp locations.
- Range: Most of eastern US
except extreme north and south.
Plantae -- Plants
Tracheobionta -- Vascular
Spermatophyta -- Seed plants
Magnoliophyta -- Flowering
Violaceae -- Violet family
Viola sororia Willd.
-- common blue violet P
Pursh p.p --SYM