Adopted in 1968; July 13, 2001
The Violet, Viola sororia, was
adopted as Rhode Island's state flower
The distinctive feature of this
violet is its leaves , some of them are
cut or divided into lobes. The
prototypical early blue violet has lobed
leaves, usually with five to eleven
Others have mixture of lobed leaves and unlobed, heart-shaped leaves.
This marks it as Viola palmata var.
triloba, which was once considered a
separate species (Viola triloba).
Birdfoot violet and coast violet look
somewhat similar, but their leaves are
cut into much narrower lobes.
The violet is also the state flower
for Illinois, New Jersey, and Wisconsin.
- Stems - A thick
- Height: 4-6 inches
- Leaves - All arising from
base of plant. Petioles to +15cm
long, hirsute, with single
longitudinal groove. Blades of lower
leaves rounded at apex, reniform, or
ovate, crenate to serrate,
pubescent. Upper leaf blades cordate
at base, gradually tapering to an
acute or blunt apex, serrate,
densely pubescent(hirsute), to +5cm
broad, +5cm long.
- Flowers - Corolla violet,
3/4 inch broad and long. Petals 5,
fading to pale yellow at base, with
dark venation near base. Lateral
petals bearded. Lower petal spurred.
Stamens 5, connate around ovary.
Bottom two stamens with flattened
curved nectaries to +3mm long. Ovary
conic, -3mm long. Style to -2mm
long, truncate and triangular at
apex. Sepals 5, to 9mm long, 3mm
broad, mostly glabrous or very
sparsely pubescent, topmost one
recurved. Auricles 1mm long, rounded
- Flowering - March - June.
- Flower color: purple
- Habitat - Slopes, open
and low woods, thickets, streambanks,
and limy areas
A N A C T
RELATING TO STATE AFFAIRS AND
GOVERNMENT - STATE EMBLEMS
Introduced By: Senators Sosnowski,
Bates and Irons
Date Introduced: March 13, 2001
It is enacted by the General
Assembly as follows:
SECTION 1. Section 42-4-9 of the
General Laws in Chapter 42-4
entitled "State Emblems" is hereby
amended to read as follows:
42-4-9. State flower. -- The flower
commonly known as the "violet"
(viola palmata) (viola sororia) is
hereby designated as the state
SECTION 2. This act shall take
effect upon passage.
||Plantae -- Plants
||Spermatophyta -- Seed
||Violaceae -- Violet
||Viola palmata L. – early