USA Official State Flower Official Nevada State Flower

 

Sagebrush

(Artemisia tridentata or trifida)
Adopted on March 20, 1917.

 

Nevada's state flower is sagebrush, Artemisia tridentata.  Adopted March 20, 1917, it has small yellow and white flowers in the spring grows abundantly in the deserts of the Western United States. A member of the wormwood family, sagebrush is a branching bush (1 to 12 feet high) and grows in regions where other kinds of vegetation cannot subsist. Known for its pleasant aroma, its gray-green twigs, and pale yellow flowers, sagebrush is an important winter food for sheep and cattle Native Americans used sagebrush leaves as medicine and sagebrush bark for weaving mats.

 

 

Sagebrush grows abundantly in the deserts of the Western United States. A member of the wormwood family, sagebrush is a branching bush (1 to 12 feet high) and grows in regions where other kinds of vegetation cannot subsist. Known for its pleasant aroma, its gray-green twigs, and pale yellow flowers, sagebrush is an important winter food for sheep and cattle.

  • Leaf: Simple, alternate (but typically clustered at each node), persistent (but some leaves are drought deciduous). Small (1/2 to 2 inches long) and narrowly wedge-shaped with a 3-lobed apex; silvery-green and pubescent on both surfaces; strong scented; sessile.
  • Flower: Monoecious. Very small, yellowish, and tubular; borne in small heads on long, upright spikes; some flowers perfect and some imperfect.
  • Fruit: Very small achenes; 4 or 5-sided or ribbed
  • Twig: Young twigs are slender, silvery-gray, and pubescent, becoming grayish-brown as they age.
  • Bark: Grayish-brown, shreddy, and splitting lengthwise.
  • Form: An upright, evergreen shrub commonly growing from several to 15 feet tall. Silvery-green and strongly scented with gray shreddy bark.
 
NRS 235.050 State flower. The shrub known as sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata or trifida) is hereby designated as the official state flower of the State of Nevada.

(Added to NRS by 1959, 107; A 1967, 702)

 

Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom Plantae -- Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta -- Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta -- Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae –
Order Asterales –
Family Asteraceae – Aster family
Genus Artemisia L. – sagebrush
Species Artemisia tridentata Nutt. – big sagebrush