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USA Famous People of South Carolina

South Carolina Biographies

Whispering Bill Anderson (born November 1, 1937) songwriter, Columbia James William Anderson III , better known as Bill Anderson, is an American country music singer, songwriter and television personality. He has released more than 40 studio albums and has reached number 1 on the country charts seven times: "Mama Sang a Song" (1962), "Still" (1963), "I Get the Fever" (1966), "For Loving You" (with Jan Howard, 1967), "My Life (Throw It Away If I Want To)" (1969), "World of Make Believe" (1974), and "Sometimes" (with Mary Lou Turner, 1976). Twenty-nine more of his singles have reached the top ten.

One of the most successful songwriters in country music history, Anderson was also a popular singer, earning the nickname Whispering Bill for his soft vocal style and occasional spoken narrations. Artists who have recorded his material include Ray Price, Connie Smith, Jim Reeves, Kenny Chesney, and George Strait. • Whispering Bill Anderson Books • Whispering Bill Anderson Discography

Bernard Baruch  (pronounced /b??ru?k/; August 19, 1870 ? June 20, 1965),  Camden was an American financier, stock-market speculator, statesman, and political consultant. After his success in business, he devoted his time toward advising Democratic U.S. Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt on economic matters. He was a self-made millionaire and legendary stock trader, a brilliant investor and savvy venture capitalist. He was Bernard M. Baruch, the most famous and admired figure ever to have conquered Wall Street. And when one of the nation's foremost financial writers took on the challenge of capturing Baruch's genius, the result was destined to become a classic: a sophisticated, superbly written biography exploring Baruch's extraordinary career as never before. Now, this stunning republication of James Grant's critically acclaimed Bernard Baruch: The Adventures of a Wall Street Legend celebrates both the Wall Street wizard and the gifted writer who revealed the man behind the myth. A man of immense charm, who also knew the value of courting the press, Bernard Baruch enjoyed a larger-than-life reputation that rivaled his estimated fortune. Celebrated as "Adviser to Presidents" and "The Park Bench Statesman," he is, perhaps, best remembered as "The Man Who Sold Out Before the Crash"  • Bernard Baruch Books
Mary McLeod Bethune educator, Mayesville (July 10, 1875 ? May 18, 1955) was an American educator and civil rights leader best known for starting a school for black students in Daytona Beach, Florida that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University and for being an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Born in South Carolina to parents who had been slaves, she took an early interest in her own education. With the help of benefactors, Bethune attended college hoping to become a missionary in Africa. When that did not materialize, she started a school for black girls in Daytona Beach. From six students it grew and merged with an institute for black boys and eventually became the Bethune-Cookman School. Its quality far surpassed the standards of education for black students, and rivaled those of white schools. Bethune worked tirelessly to ensure funding for the school, and used it as a showcase for tourists and donors, to exhibit what educated black people could do. She was president of the college from 1923 to 1942 and 1946 to 1947 • Mary McLeod Bethune Books

James Godfather Brown singer, Barnwell (May 3, 1933 ? December 25, 2006), originally James Joseph Brown, Jr., also known as "The Godfather of Soul", was an American entertainer. He is recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music and was renowned for his vocals and feverish dancing. He was also called "the hardest working man in show business".

As a prolific singer, songwriter, dancer and bandleader, Brown was a pivotal force in the music industry. He left his mark on numerous artists. Brown's music also left its mark on the rhythms of African popular music, such as afrobeat, jųjú and mbalax, and provided a template for go-go music. James Brown received a variety of awards and honors throughout his lifetime and after his death. At one city, fans voted to honor James Brown by naming a bridge after the entertainer. In 1993, the City Council of Steamboat Springs, Colorado conducted a poll of its residents to choose a new name for the bridge that crossed the Yampa River on Shield Drive. The winning name with 7,717 votes was "James Brown Soul Center of the Universe Bridge". The bridge was officially dedicated in September 1993, and James Brown appeared at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for the event • James Godfather Brown Books • James Brown Discography

Joseph H. Burckhalter inventor, Columbia (October 9, 1912 ? May 9, 2004) was a chemist who worked in the field of isothiocyanate compounds. • No Books
James F. Byrnes (1879 - 1972) Senator, Secretary of State, Governorn; born in Charleston. (May 2, 1879 – April 9, 1972) was an American statesman from the state of South Carolina. During his career, Byrnes served as a member of the House of Representatives (1911–1925), as a Senator (1931–1941), as Justice of the Supreme Court (1941–1942), as Secretary of State (1945–1947), and as Governor of South Carolina (1951–1955). He therefore became one of very few politicians to be active in all three branches of the federal government while also being active in state government. He was also a confidant of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and was one of the most powerful men in American domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s.• James F. Byrnes Books
John C. Calhoun statesman, Calhoun Mills • John C. Calhoun Books
Chubby Checker - (born Ernest Evans, October 3, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter best known for popularizing the The Twist with his 1960 hit cover of Hank Ballard's R&B hit "The Twist". In September 2008, "The Twist" topped Billboard's list of the most popular singles to have appeared in the Hot 100 since its debut in 1958.

Ernest Evans was born in Spring Gulley, South Carolina and as a child was raised in the projects of South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he lived with his parents and two brothers. By the age of eight Evans had formed a street corner harmony group and, by the time he entered high school, learned to play the piano as well as entertain his classmates by performing vocal impressions of popular entertainers of the day, such as Jerry Lee Lewis, Elvis Presley and Fats Domino. One of his classmates and friends at South Philadelphia High School was Fabiano Forte, who would become a popular singer of the late 1950s & early 1960s as Fabian • Chubby Checker Books • Chubby Checker Discography

Mark Clark (1896 - 1984) U.S. Army general that led Allied troops during World War II; president of the Citadel; lived in Charleston. • Mark Clark Books
Joe Frazier (1944 - ) 1964 Olympic heavyweight champion.  He was heavyweight champion from 1970-1973; born in Beaufort. • Joe Frazier Books
Charlayne Hunter-Gault journalist, Due West • Charlayne Hunter-Gault Books
Althea Gibson (1927 - ) First African American woman to win Wimbledon and U.S. National tennis championships; born in Silver. • Althea Gibson Books
Dizzy Gillespie - born in Cheraw. John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (pronounced /g??l?spi/; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, singer, and composer.

Together with Charlie Parker, he was a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, and John Faddis.

In addition to featuring in the epochal moments in bebop, he was instrumental in founding Afro-Cuban jazz, the modern jazz version of what early-jazz pioneer Jelly Roll Morton referred to as the "Spanish Tinge". Gillespie was a trumpet virtuoso and gifted improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic complexity previously unknown in jazz. Dizzy's beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks and his light-hearted personality were essential in popularizing bebop. • Dizzy Gillespie Books • Dizzy Gillespie Discography

DuBose Heyward poet, playwright, author, Charleston  • DuBose Heyward Books
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 ? June 8, 1845) The 7th U.S. president; born in the Waxhaws area.  was the seventh President of the United States (1829?1837). He was military governor of Florida (1821), commander of the American forces at the Battle of New Orleans (1815), and eponym of the era of Jacksonian democracy. A polarizing figure who dominated American politics in the 1820s and 1830s, his political ambition combined with widening political participation, shaping the modern Democratic Party.His legacy is now seen as mixed, as a protector of popular democracy and individual liberty, checkered by his support for Indian removal and slavery.Renowned for his toughness, he was nicknamed ?Old Hickory." As he based his career in developing Tennessee, Jackson was the first president primarily associated with the American frontier. His portrait appears on the United States twenty-dollar bill. • Andrew Jackson Books
Jesse Jackson (born October 8, 1941) Civil rights leader; born in Greenville.Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr.  is an American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and served as shadow senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997. He was the founder of both entities that merged to form Rainbow/PUSH. Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr. is his eldest son. In an AP-AOL "Black Voices" poll in February 2006, Jackson was voted "the most important black leader" with 15% of the vote

On July 6, 2008, during an interview with Fox News, a microphone picked up Jackson whispering to fellow guest Dr. Reed Tuckson: "See, Barack's been, ahh, talking down to black people on this faith-based... I want to cut his nuts out." Jackson was expressing his disappointment in Obama's Father's Day speech chastisement of Black fathers Only a portion of Jackson's comments were released on video. A spokesman for Fox News stated that Jackson had "referred to blacks with the N-word" in his comments about Obama; Fox News did not release the entire video or a complete transcript of his comments. Subsequent to his Fox News interview, Jackson apologized and reiterated his support for Obama. • Jesse Jackson Books

Eartha Kitt singer, North Eartha Mae Kitt (January 17, 1927 ? December 25, 2008) was an American actress, singer, and cabaret star. She was perhaps best known for her highly distinctive singing style and her 1953 hit Christmas song "Santa Baby". Orson Welles once called her the "most exciting woman in the world." She took over the role of Catwoman for the third season of the 1960s Batman television series, replacing Julie Newmar, who was unavailable for the final season. Kitt began her career as a member of the Katherine Dunham Company and made her film debut with them in Casbah (1948). A talented singer with a distinctive voice, her hits include "Let's Do It", "Champagne Taste", "C'est si bon", "Just an Old Fashioned Girl", "Monotonous", "Je cherche un homme", "Love for Sale", "I'd Rather Be Burned as a Witch", "Uska Dara", "Mink, Schmink", "Under the Bridges of Paris", and her most recognizable hit, "Santa Baby", which was released in 1953. Kitt's unique style was enhanced as she became fluent in the French language during her years performing in Europe. Her English-speaking performances always seemed to be enriched by a soft French feel. She had some skill in other languages too, which she demonstrates with finesse in many of the live recordings of her cabaret performances.• Eartha Kitt Books • Eartha Kitt Movies • Eartha Kitt Discography
Francis Marion (1721 - 1795) Known as the ?Swamp Fox? for his strategy of fighting the British during the Revolutionary War; born in Winyah. • Francis Marion Books
Robert Evander McNair governor, Cades • Robert Evander McNair Books
Ronald McNair astronaut, Lake City • Ronald McNair Books
Robert Mills (1781 - 1855) Designer of the Washington Monument in Washington D.C.; born in Charleston. • Robert Mills Books
Julia Peterkin (1880 - 1961) Novelist.  She was the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for • Julia Peterkin Books
Strom Thurmond politician, Edgefield • Strom Thurmond Books
Charles Hard Townes physicist, Greenville  Scarlet Sister Mary in 1929. • Charles Hard Townes Books
William Westmoreland army chief of staff, Spartanburg • William Westmoreland Books
Vanna White (born in Conway February 18, 1957) Famous for turning letters on television?s Wheel of Fortune;  is an American television personality, best known as puzzle-board presenter & co-host on the long-running game show Wheel of Fortune. White's first national television appearance came on the June 20, 1980 episode of The Price Is Right, in which she was among the first four contestants to "come on down." She did not make it onstage, but the clip of her running to Contestants' Row would be rebroadcast as part of The Price Is Right 25th Anniversary Special in August 1996 and also would be featured on the special broadcast Game Show Moments Gone Bananas. In 1982, White auditioned to become the letter-turning assistant on Wheel of Fortune, a job that Susan Stafford recently had vacated. Producer Merv Griffin selected her over two other finalists, and her first episode as Pat Sajak's assistant presenter aired December 13, 1982. White remained with the daytime version of Wheel until its cancellation in 1991. • Vanna White Books • Vanna White Films