Owner Occupancy is Also Called Home Ownership
An owner-occupier is a person who lives in a house that he or she owns. Owner-occupancy is therefore also called home ownership. The home of the owner-occupier can range from condominiums, apartments, to housing cooperatives. The immovable property, which includes the home and the land upon which it sits, is known as the real estate.
Some homes are constructed by the owners with the intent to occupy. Many are inherited. A large number are purchased, either as new homes from a real-estate developer, or as an existing home from a previous landlord or owner-occupier.
A house is usually the most expensive single purchase an individual or family makes, and often costs at least several times the annual household income. Given the high cost, most individuals do not have enough savings on hand to pay the entire amount outright. In developed countries, mortgage loans are available from financial institutions in return for interest. If the home owner fails to meet the agreed repayment schedule, a foreclosure (In some countries known as a
repossession) may result.
In several government-run home sale programs, such as those run by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, owner-occupants are given preferential consideration on bids offered; some programs such as "Officer Next Door" are limited to certain professions who are required to be owner-occupants.
Pros and cons
Home ownership gives occupants the right to modify the building and land as they please (subject to government, homeowner association, and deed restrictions), protects them from eviction, and creates a right to occupation which can be inherited. In some jurisdictions, it also confers certain legal rights with regard to abutters.
Houses and the land they sit on are expensive, and the combination of monthly mortgage, insurance, and property tax payments is greater than monthly rental costs. Buildings may also gain and lose substantial value due with real estate market fluctuations, and selling a property can take a long time, depending on market conditions. This can make home ownership more constraining if the homeowner intends to move at a future date. Some home owners see their purchase as an investment, and intend to either sell or rent the property after renovating or letting the house appreciate in value (known as flipping if done quickly).
Compared to renters and absentee landlords, owner-occupiers are sometimes seen as more responsible toward property maintenance and community concerns, since they are more directly affected.
- Negative equity
- housing ladder
- Second home ownership
- Imputed rent
- Homeownership in the United States
- Home ownership in Australia